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Dewas District

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About the Dewas district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/463/download?token=0Q_TNk-O

Brief About Dewas District
Dewas District in Ujjain Revenue Division, is situated on the Malawa plateau in the West-central part of Madhya Pradesh and lies between 20º17' and 23º20' North latitude and 75º54' and 77º08' East longitude. The district is bounded by Ujjain district in the north, Indore district in the west, West-Nimar district in the south-west, East Nimar district in the south, Hoshangabad district in the South East, Sehore district in the east and Shajapur district in the North-East. The tropic of cancer passes through the district near Nemawar village south of Khategaon town.

The district gets its name from the district headquarters town, Dewas which is said to have been derived on the basis of two traditions. One is that Dewas lies on the foot of a conical hill, known as Chamunda hill about 300 ft. above the ground level on top of which the shrine of Chamunda is located. The image of the Goddess is cut in rocky wall of a cave. It is, therefore, known as Devi Vashini or the Goddess's residence. From this. the name Dewas (dev-vas) seems to have been derived. The other view of the probable origin is from the name of the founder of the village Dewasa Bania.

The present Dewas district broadly corresponds to the twin treaty States in Malwa Political charge of the Central India Agency, divided into a Senior and a Junior branch of the early twentieth century with some adjustments of other territories. There were two district chiefships with separate administrations, acting independently in most matters, sharing the same capital town of Dewas. Consequent upon the merger of princely States and the formation of Madhya Bharat State in 1948 there was reconstitution of boundaries and thus the district in the present form was constituted. The reconstituted district was, however, formed by merging 242 villages of the two tahsils of Dewas of the former Senior and Junior State, 452 villages of Sonkatch tahsil and of 99 villages of Ujjain tahsil of former Gwalior state, 99 villages of Nimanpur tahsil of former Dhar state, one village of Jawar tahsil of former Bhopal State, and then the existing tahsils of Kannod and Khategon of former Holkar State. With the reorganization of States on linguistic basis on 1st November 1956, Madhya Bharat, with other territories got merged to form the New state of Madhya Pradesh and thus Dewas continues to be one of the districts in it.

The district is now divided in to 6 tahsils viz. Sonkatch, Dewas, Bagli, Kannod, Tonk-Khurd and Khategaon. Dewas tahsil is situated on the north-western part of the district, Sonkatch on the north-eastern part, Bagli on the south, Kannod on the south-central part and Khategaon on the South-east. All the tahsil head quarters are connected by all weather roads. The Head-quarters of Dewas tahsil which is also the district headquarters is situated on The Bombay-Agra National Highway No.3 and is also connected by broad-gauge railway line of western Railway.

PHYSIOGRAPHY
The district can be divided in to four broad physiographical regions
(1) Dewas plateau (2) Kali Sindh Basin (3) Vindhyan Range and(4) Middle Narmada valley. Brief descriptions of these regions are :-

1. Dewas Plateau
This region extends over the north-western part of Sonkatch tahsil and the western part of Dewas tahsil. The hill range which runs north-south from Shajapur tahsil of district extends north-south on the eastern part of this region in the broken form. This region is part of Malwa plateau with higher elevation of the north-east plateau land in the north-west and plain land topography on its south. Lakander, Chhoti Kali-Sindh and Kshipra rivers drain this region. Kshipra river flowing in south-north direction forms the western boundary of this region. Dewas town is situated on the plateau of this region. On the northern part of this region a number of streams flow in south-north direction. Maximum height of this region is 2296 ft. towards north of Dewas town. The conical Chamunda hill having the shrine of Goddess Chamunda on top of it is located in Dewas town of this region.

2. Kalisindh Baisin
This region is situated in north easternpart of the district in a vertical column covering major part ofSonkatch tahsil towards south of this region. Kali sindh river flowingin south-north direction on the middle part of this region forms itsmain drainage system. This is by far the most fertile tract of thedistrict.

3. Vindhyan Range
This region comprises of the Vindhyan hill ranges passes through the middle of the district in a east-west direction forming a narrow strip in higher broken form on the east and broader but lower and irregular towards west. This also forms the northern boundary on the lower half of the district. Spurs of the Vindhyan hill ranges are compicuous towards west of Bagli and Hatpiplaya towns. Kshipra kalisindh rivers have originated from the north of this hill ranges while most of the tributaries of Narmada have originated from the south of vindhyan hill ranges. Maximum height of this region is 2,372 near Bhatpura village in Bagli tahsil and the minimum height is 1,495 near village Palasi of the same tahsil.

4. Middle Narmada Valley
This region comes under Malwa plateau and is situated in the south-eastern part of the district occupying major parts of Kannod and Khategaon tahsils and the lower half of Bagli tahsil. Narmada river flowing east to west forms most of the southern boundary of this region as well as of the district. The middle Narmada valley region is thus bounded by vindhyan hill ranges on the north and Narmada river with its tributaries on the other three sides and lies almost entirely in the catchment of river Narmada and its numerous tributaries sloping towards south. Extensive forests are seen in this region. Maximum height of this region is 1,328 ft. near village Serali in Kannod tahsil and the minimum height is 916 ft. near village Kanjipura in Khategaon tahsil.

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TRANSPORTATION AIR
Nearest airport situated at Indore are about 40 K.M. away from Dewas. Domestic air carrier like Indian airlines and private airlines like Sahara, Jet airways connect Indore to Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and all major cities.

RAIL
Dewas is well connected by good train services to Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Madras, Jaipur and all major cites.

Road
Dewas is situated on National Highway No. 3 ( AGRA-BOMBAY Road). The town of DEWAS is centrally located having links to adjoining districts viz. Ujjain (The relegious city of Mahakal), Sehore, Bhopal (M.P.State Capital) ans Indore. The city is well connected by road. It is situated at a distance of 560 K.M. from Agra, 160 K.M. from Bhopal, 33 K.M. from Ujjain and 35 K.M. from Indore by road. CLICK FOR BUS TIME-TABLE.

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