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Peru
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Industries in Peru
mining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, textiles, clothing, food processing
Industrial production growth rate : 13.6% (2010 est.)
Country comparison to the world : 14
Source : https://www.cia.gov

Independence / Republic Days
Independence from Spain
- Declared July 28, 1821
- Consolidated December 9, 1824
- Recognized August 14, 1879

Capital
Lima

Current Time in Lima (Peru)

Calling code
+51

Currency
Nuevo Sol (PEN)

Geographic Coordinates
12°2.6'S 77°1.7'W

Official language
Spanish

Select NGOs
Asociacion Kallpa
CENCA- instituto de desarrollo urbano
CEPRODEP
Ciudad Saludable
Colegio José Antonio Encinas
Instituto de Investigación Pedag. Yachay Wasi
Minga Perú
Red de Lactancia Materna,CEPREN
Universidad Coherente
Urpichallay

Location
Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

Geographic coordinates
10 00 S, 76 00 W

Map references
South America

Area
total: 1,285,216 sq km
country comparison to the world: 20
land: 1,279,996 sq km
water: 5,220 sq km

Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Alaska

Coastline
2,414 km

Maritime claims
territorial sea: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm

Elevation extremes
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Nevado Huascaran 6,768 m

Nationality
noun: Peruvian(s)
adjective: Peruvian

Languages
Spanish (official) 84.1%, Quechua (official) 13%, Aymara (official) 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.7%, other (includes foreign languages and sign language) 0.2% (2007 est.)

Flag description
three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna (representing fauna), a cinchona tree (the source of quinine, signifying flora), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out coins (denoting mineral wealth); red recalls blood shed for independence, white symbolizes peace

National symbol(s)
vicuna (a camelid related to the llama)

National anthem
name: "Himno Nacional del Peru" (National Anthem of Peru)

National Anthem lyrics/music
Jose DE LA TORRE Ugarte/Jose Bernardo ALZEDO
note: adopted 1822; the song won a national contest for an anthem


Budget
revenues: $60.95 billion
expenditures: $58.91 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues
29% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97

Peru Flag description
three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna (representing fauna), a cinchona tree (the source of quinine, signifying flora), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out coins (denoting mineral wealth); red recalls blood shed for independence, white symbolizes peace

Peru : National Anthem

We are free!
May we always be so, may we always be so!
and let before the lights are denied
the lights, the lights...of the sun!
Before allow us to break the solemn vow
for which the fatherland elevated to the Eternal,
Before allow us to break the solemn vow
for which the fatherland elevated to the Eternal.
Before allow us to break the solemn vow
for which the fatherland elevated to the Eternal.


For a long time the oppressed Peruvian
the ominous chain he dragged
Condemned to a cruel servitude
for a long time, for a long time
for a long time he quietly whimpered
But then the sacred shout
Freedom! in its coasts has been heard
the slave's indolence beats
the humiliated, the humiliated,
the humiliated neck raised up,
the humiliated neck raised up, neck raised up...

Now the roar of rough chains
that we had heard for three centuries of horror
from the free, at the sacred cry
that the world heard astonished, ceased.
Everywhere the inflamed San Martín
"Freedom", "Freedom" he pronounced;
and the Andes, rocking their base,
announced it as well, in unison.

With its influx the peoples woke up,
and like lighting ran the opinion;
from the Isthmus to the Tierra del Fuego,
and from Tierra del Fuego to the icy regions.
Everyone vowed to break the link
that Nature denied to both worlds,
and break the sceptre that Spain
had reclined, proudly, on both.

Lima fulfilled this solemn vow,
and, severe, its anger showed
by throwing out the powerless tyrant,
who had been trying to extend his oppression.
On its endeavor the shackles cracked,
and the furrows that it had repaired in itself
stirred up its hatred and vengeance,
inherited from its Inca and Lord.

Countrymen, may we see it a slave no more.
If for three centuries it moaned, humiliated,
forever may we swear it'd be free,
maintaining its own splendor.
Our arms, until today unarmed,
be they always readying the cannon,
that some day the beaches of Iberia
will feel the horror of its roar.

May we arouse the jealousy of Spain
since it has a premonition, with want and furor,
that in a contest of great nations
our country will enter in comparison.
On the list formed by these
we shall fill the line first,
ahead of the ambitious Iberian tyrant,
who devastated all of America.

On its summits may the Andes sustain
the two-color flag or standard,
may it announce to the centuries the effort
that being free, that being free
that being free gave us forever.
Under its shadow may we live calmly
and, at birth of the sun in its summits,
may we all renew the great oath
that we rendered, that we rendered
that we rendered to the God of Jacob,
that we rendered to the God of Jacob, the God of Jacob.
Source

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