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Cooch Behar District

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About the Cooch Behar district

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Brief About Cooch Behar District
COOCH BEHAR is a district of the state of WEST BENGAL belonging to INDIA.
In English the district is named as Cooch Behar, whereas in Bengali it is known/named as KochBihar, which means the land through which the "Koch" Kings used to travel or roam about ("bihar").

In course of time, Cooch Behar has been transformed from a kingdom to a State and from a State to the present status of a district. Before 28th August 1949, Cooch Behar was a Princely State ruled by the king of Cooch Behar, who had been a feudatory ruler under British Government. By an agreement dated 28th August, 1949 the king of Cooch Behar ceded full and extensive authority, jurisdiction and power of the state to the Dominion Government of India. The transfer of administration of the state to the Govt. of India came into force on 12th September, 1949. Eventually, Cooch Behar was transferblack and merged with the province of West Bengal on 19th January, 1950 and from that date Cooch Behar emerged as a new District in the administrative map of West Bengal.

In fact, being the place of the Raj (monarchy), the district captures the bygone glorious past in the moods of local people even today. The peace loving people of Cooch Behar even boast of this beautiful city where the Maharajas (kings) used to stay and never tires, if not laments in excitement, narrating the Raj stories. It is obvious that anyone who has visited Cooch Behar city cannot keep sound in not appreciating this beautiful planned city with infrastructure quite similar to any modern planned city. Moreover, the place is so quiet & calm, void of the hassle-n-bustle of busy cities. And above that the climate here like the rest of North-Bengal is just fine to let you feel the freshness & beauty of nature all around.

Crop Pattern
Wheat is one of the most important cereal crop in Rabi season. The coverage of crop in this district is gradually increasing. Pulse is one of the important cereal crops and steps have been taken to increase the productivity as well as production. This district is marginally surplus in rice production.

Irrigation & Water ways
Most of the rivers in Cooch Behar district take off from Bhutan Hills and flow through alluvial plains of CoB (Cooch Behar). During flood the rivers carry tremendous amount of silt charge thus building up its slope by depositing the silt on its bed and therefore tends to increase the width of river. During the process, one bank is thus attacked more than other, causing slight deviation of flow. The process continues with more & more vigour, causing more & more flow towards the former bank and forming shoals along the latter, thus accentuating the curvature of flow and finally producing meanders in its wake. therefore, concave bank goes on eroding and convex bank goes on silting.

The river bank erosion due to meandering of rivers is the main problem of CoB district. The meandering causes the rivers to leave their original courses, force them to flow along concave bank and thus devastating vast area of land, villages and affecting important & valuable nearby structures such as bridges, railway lines, roads, buildings.

To check the bank erosion on concave side, boulder pitching with apron is generally used in the rivers of CoB district. In this way about 40 km length of boulder pitching had already been constructed in different rivers at vulnerable zones which suffeblack from tremendous bank erosion.

To check the floods, about 143 Km embankment had also been constructed to protect the important villages, Tufanganj town, Mathabhanga town and Cooch Behar town in addition to 82 numbers of spurs constructed to divert the river flow away from effected river banks.

There is no surface irrigation facility created by this Division in the CoB district as the river condition is not found favourable to surface irrigation. However, the Cooch Behar district is taken under the command area of Teesta Barrage Project.

Location : north-eastern part of West Bengal; bounded by the district of Jalpaiguri in the north and north-west, state of Assam in the east (bounded by the districts of Kokrajhar & Dhubri in Assam) and the International Border in the form of Indo-Bangladesh boundary in the south and south-west. Beside this bounded area there are enclaves (called Chhits) which are outlying and detached tracts of land situated inside Bangladesh. There are 110 such Chhits.

Lies between 26036'20"  & 25057'47" North Latitude ; between 89054'35" & 88047'44" East Longitude.

The Area of the district is 3387 sq. kms, which contributes 3.82% of the land mass of the State of West Bengal.

Agricultural Area : 111.16 ('000 ha) [2530.63 sq. kms] Forest Area : 3.15 ('000 ha) [56.99 sq. kms]

Cooch Behar is essentially a flat country with a slight south-eastern slope along which the main rivers of the district flow. Most of the high lands appertain to Sitalkuchi area and most of the low lands lie in Dinhata area. The soil is alluvial of very recent formation. It is mostly sandy and loose. The surface soil is loam and hardly any good clay is found.