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Clean rivers

Almost everyone gets drinking water from rivers.
Very few are trying to convert sea water into potable water.

But how many of us worry about cleanliness of rivers ?
After seeing efforts of Indian government and Swaccha Ganga movement, we realised that water, a basic necessity of all human beings, most of the living beings and non living things (dont we clean automobiles with water) has to be a social issue and we must promote this issue in all countries because Ganga provides drinking water to India and its neighbouring coutries, but Ganga cant be so large that it provides water to all the countries in 7 continents. Infact, even there are 5 oceans in the world.

So rivers in each country must be taken care of. Infact each of the 25000 rivers that we have shared, must be taken care of by individuals & institutions.
As per medical science, 50% to 60% of human body by weight has water.
Do we damage our own body part. Can anyone neglect more than 50% of body ? The answer is clear NO.
So no body is doing anything great by cleaning or at least not damaging rivers.
Clean river has many issues like dumping solid waste, liquid waste, chemicals .... and unclean river has many social issues associated with it.
From now to 28.3.2018, we will share these issues and the solutions to it.

We have shared some 25000 river names, creeks & tributaries in more than 200 countries.
While our idea is ensure that every river is a clean river, we will start with ways in which individuals & institutions stop damaging rivers with solid & liquid waste.

Our global example Thane is known as city of lakes. We will share lakes should be cleaner.

We also share rivers in different States / UTs of our global example country India. We know that many rivers flow through different states and the river name may be repeated in different states in India and some rivers flow through different countries, so they may be repeated in related coutries.

We know that unfortunately, some coutnries have no rivers and names of these countries are

Sovereign countries where there is no river
Bahrain, Kiribati, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Monaco, Nauru, Saudi Arabia, Tonga, Tuvalu

Dependencies and other territories where there is no river
Anguilla, Bermuda, British Indian Ocean Territory, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Guernsey, Easter Island, Gibraltar, Niue, Norfolk Island, Pitcairn Islands, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Tokelau, Wallis and Futuna

We cant bring rivers to these countries because that is what is nature and we cant change that.

CSR

MINISTRY OF CORPORATE AFFAIRS
NOTIFICATION
New Delhi, the 24th October, 2014
G.S.R. 741(E).— In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 467 of the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013), the Central Government hereby makes the following further amendments to Schedule VII of the said Act, namely:—
(i) In item (i), after the words “and sanitation”, the words “including contribution to the Swach Bharat Kosh set-up by the Central Government for the promotion of sanitation” shall be inserted;
(ii) In item (iv), after the words “and water”, the words “including contribution to the Clean Ganga Fund setup by the Central Government for rejuvenation of river Ganga;” shall be inserted.
2. This notification shall come into force on the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

[F. No. 1/18/2013-CL-V]
AMARDEEP SINGH BHATIA, Jt. Secy.
Note : The Schedule VII was brought into force with effect from 1st April, 2014 and was amended(effective from 1st April, 2014) vide notification number GSR 130(E) dated 27th February, 2014 and Corrigenda number GSR 261(E) dated 31st March, 2014 and also vide amendment notification number GSR 568(E) dated 6th August, 2014.
http://nmcg.nic.in/CleanGangaFund/56_NotificationCSRCleanGangaFund.pdf

Ganga-A National River..
Source : The Himalayas (the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra).

Ganga has been a cradle of human civilization since time immemorial. Millions depend on this great river for physical and spiritual sustenance. People have immense faith in the powers of healing and regeneration of the Ganga. It is arguably the most sacred river in the world and is deeply revered by the people of this country. The River plays a vital role in religious ceremonies and rituals. To bathe in Ganga is a lifelong ambition of many who congregate in large numbers for several river centered festivals such as Kumbh Mela and numerous Snan (bath) festivals.

Ganga basin is the largest river basin in India in terms of catchment area, constituting 26% of the country's land mass (8,61,404 Sq. km) and supporting about 43% of its population (448.3 million as per 2001 census).

About 79% area of Ganga basin is in India. The basin covers 11 states viz., Uttarakhand, U.P., M.P., Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Delhi.

Rapidly increasing population, rising standards of living and exponential growth of industrialisation and urbanisation have exposed water resources, in general, and rivers, in particular, to various forms of degradation. The mighty Ganga is no exception. The deterioration in the water quality impacts the people immediately. Ganga, in some stretches, particularly during lean seasons has become unfit even for bathing. The threat of global climate change, the effect of glacial melt on Ganga flow and the impacts of infrastructural projects in the upper reaches of the river, raise issues that need a comprehensive response.

In the Ganga basin approximately 12,000 million litres per day (mld) sewage is generated, for which presently there is a treatment capacity of only around 4,000 mld. Approximately 3000 mld of sewage is discharged into the main stem of the river Ganga from the Class I & II towns located along the banks, against which treatment capacity of about 1000 mld has been created till date. The contribution of industrial pollution, volume-wise, is about 20 per cent but due to its toxic and non- biodegradable nature, this has much greater significance. The industrial pockets in the catchments of Ramganga and Kali rivers and in Kanpur city are significant sources of industrial pollution. The major contributors are tanneries in Kanpur, distilleries, paper mills and sugar mills in the Kosi, Ramganga and Kali river catchments.

Namami Gange Programme
‘Namami Gange Programme’, is an Integrated Conservation Mission, approved as ‘Flagship Programme’ by the Union Government in June 2014 with budget outlay of Rs.20,000 Crore to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.

Main pillars of the Namami Gange Programme are:-
Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure
River-Front Development
River-Surface Cleaning
Bio-Diversity
Afforestation
Public Awareness
Industrial Effluent Monitoring
Ganga Gram


National Mission for Clean Ganga, endeavors to deploy best available knowledge and resources across the world for Ganga rejuvenation. Clean Ganga has been a perennial attraction for many international countries that have expertise in river rejuvenation. Countries such as Australia, United Kingdom, Germany, Finland, Israel etc. have shown interest in collaborating with India for Ganga rejuvenation. Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) were signed with various Central Ministries viz.- Ministry of Human Resource Development, Ministry of Rural Development, Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Shipping, Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Ayush, Ministry of Petroleum, Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation and Ministry of Agriculture for synergizing the Government schemes.

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval for establishment of the Clean Ganga Fund (CGF).The following broad activities will be financed from the Fund:
a) Activities outlined under the ‘Namami Gange’ programme for cleaning of river Ganga.
b) Control of non-point pollution from agricultural runoff, human defecation, cattle wallowing, etc.
c) Setting up of waste treatment and disposal plants along the river around the cities.
d) Conservation of the biotic diversity of the river.
e) Community based activities to reduce polluting human interface with the river.
f) Development of public amenities including activities such as Ghat redevelopment.
g) Research and Development and innovative projects.
h) Research and Development projects and innovative projects for new technology and processes for cleaning the river.
i) Independent oversight through intensive monitoring and real time reporting.
j) Any other activity as approved by the Trust