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Chhindwara District

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About the Chhindwara district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/460/download?token=8LftH0vb

Brief About Chhindwara District
Chhindwara district was formed on 1st November 1956. It is located on the South-West region of 'Satpura Range of Mountains'. It is spread from 21.28 to 22.49 Deg. North (longitude) and 78.40 to 79.24 Deg. East (latitude) and spread over an area of 11,815 Sq. Km.

This district is bound by the plains of Nagpur District (in Maharashtra State) on the South, Hoshangabad and Narsinghpur Districts on the North, Betul District on the West and Seoni Districts on the East

Chhindwara District ranks 1st in area in Madhya Pradesh State and occupies 3.85% of the area of the state. The District is divided into 9 Tahsils (Chhindwara, Parasia, Junnardeo, Tamia, Amarwara, Chourai, Bicchua, Sausar and Pandhurna), 11 Development Blocks (Chhindwara, Parasia, Junnardeo, Tamia, Amarwara, Chourai, Bicchua, Harrai, Mohkhed, Sausar and Pandhurna). There are 8 Nagar Palikas (Chhindwara, Parasia, Junnardeo and Pandhurna), 8 Nagar Panchayats (Sausar, Amarwara, Chandameta Butaria, Newton Chikli, Harrai, Mohgaon, Chourai, and Lodhikheda). Apart from this there are 10 small towns (Dighawani, Jatachapar, Iklehara, Pagara, Kalichapar, Damua, Pala Chourai, Bhamori, Ambada and Badkuhi).

There are 1984 villages in the district, out of which 1903 villages are habitated.

Geographical Information
From the Geographical point of view Chhindwara district can be divided into three main regions - 1) The plains near Nagpur region comprising of Tahsils Sausar and Pandhurna, 2) the central region comprising of Chhindwara, Southern part of Amarwara region and and Northern part of Sausar region. This region is also known as the Satpura mountain region and 3) The third region is mostly the Northern region comprising of hilly terrain.

There are five major rivers which flow through the district namely Kanhan, Pench, Jam, Kulbehra, Shakkar and Doodh. Kanhan river flows in the Southern direction through the western parts of Chhindwara Tahsil and mixes with the Wenganga river. Jam river flows mostly through the Sausar region and joins with the Kanhan river. Pench river flows in the border areas of Chhindwara and Seoni Districts and mixes with the Kanhan river in Nagpur District. Kulbehra river starts at Umreth and flows through Chhindwara and Mohkhed and joins with Pench river

Historical Details
It is believed that once upon a time the Chhindwara District was full of "Chhind" (Date-Palm) trees, and the place was named "Chhind"-"Wada" (wada means place). There is also another story that because of the population of Lions (in Hindi it is called "Sinh"), it was consideblack that making entry into this district is akin to passing through the entrance of Lions' den. Hence it was called "Sinh Dwara" (means through the entrance of lion). In due course of time it became "Chhindwara".

History records the place from the time of the rule of Bhakth Bulund King, whose kingdom was spread over the Satpura range of hills and it is belived that his rule was upto the 3rd Century. One ancient plaque, belonging to "Rashtrakut" dynasty, found in "Neelkanth" village. This dynasty ruled upto the 7th Century. Then came the "Gondvana" dynasty which ruled the area with "Devgarh" as the capital. King 'Jatav' of 'Gond' community has built the Devgarh fort. Bhakth Bulund King was most powerful in the dynasty and he has adopted Muslim religion during the rule of Emperor "Aurangjeb". Later the power has changed many hands and finally 'Maratha rule' ended in 1803. On 17 September 1803, East India Company had taken over this kingdom by defeating 'Raghuji II', starting the British rule. After Independence 'Nagpur' was made the capital of Chhindwara District, and on 1st November 1956 this district was re-constituted with Chhindwara as the capital.

Tourist Places
Patalkoth, Tamia, Tribal Museum, Chota Mahadev Cave, Devgarh Fort, Nagdwari, Hot water spring at Anhoni, Bhartadev, Radha Devi Cave, Jam sanvli

Fast Facts
Height above MSL 1,550 to 3,820 ft.
Latitude 21.28 to 22.49 N
Longitude 78.40 to 79.24 E
Temperature (min. - max.) 4 to 6 Deg. Celsius - 38 to 40 Deg. Celsius
Average Rainfall 1,183 mm
Date of Formation of the District 1st Nov 1956
Population (Census 2001) 18,48,882

Revenue Circles : 19
Patwari Halkas : 319
Panchayats : 808

India