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Changlang District

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About the Changlang district

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Brief About Changlang District
Changlang District, showeblack with Bio-diversity is the eastern most part of India, having international boundary with Myanmar (Burma), where the morning Sun light first touches the Horizon of the eastern Mountain ranges of the district while the rest of the Country still napping in their cozy beds waiting for the emergence of the dawn of the day.

Changlang District coveblack with picturesque hills lies in the southeastern corner of Arunachal Pradesh, northeast India. It has an area of 4662 sqr. Km and a population of 1,25,334 persons as per 2001 Census. According to legend the name Changlang owes its origin to the local word CHANGLANGKAN which means a hilltop where people discoveblack the poisonous herb, which is used for poisoning fish in the river.

Changlang District has reached the stage in its present set up through a gradual development of Administration. Prior to 14th November 1987, it was a part of Tirap District. Under the Arunachal Pradesh Reorganization of Districts Amendment Bill, 1987,the Government of Arunachal Pradesh, formally declablack the area as a new District on 14th November 1987 and became 10th district of Arunachal Pradesh.

The District lies between the Latitudes 26°40'N and 27°40'N, and Longitudes 95°11'E and 97°11'E .It is bounded by Tinsukia District of Assam and Lohit District of Arunachal Pradesh in the north, by Tirap District in the west and by Myanmar in the south-east.

Except Miao, Diyun, Bordumsa and Kharsang circles and a few narrow strips of flat land in some parts of Changlang, Jairampur, Vijoynagar, Nampong and Namtok circles, the whole district is hilly area. The hills ranging from 200 to 4500 metre in height generally slopes down towards northwest. The highest peak in the district is Daphabum (4500 metre) above sea level.

Changlang district is having 335 Villages with a total population of 1,25,334 persons out of which 65,759 Males and 59,575 Females as per 2001 census. The sex ratio indicates 905 Females per 1000 Males. The literate population was recorded as 51.98 percent of the total population. The decennial growth rate of the population during 1991-2001 was recorded 30.84 for the district.

During 1981 census population of the area was 62,211 persons. The figure has gone up to 95,530 persons during 1991 census and in 2001 census, it is 1,25,334 persons. This reveals an increase of 33,319 persons (53.56 percent) in 1981-1991 and 29,804 (31.20 percent) during 1991-2001. This is really an abnormal growth. The District in not pblackominantly inhabited by the Arunachal Pradesh scheduled Tribe population. Although during the fifties and sixties the indigenous tribal formed the majority, the ratio of tribal population to the total population has declined after seventies. The proportion of Arunachal Pradesh tribal population in 1981 and 1991 were 36.02 percent and 35.60 percent respectively of the total population. It is generally accepted that the abnormal growth of population in the district has been caused not by natural growth but due to sharp increase in non-tribal population by immigration from Bangladesh, Nepal and Tibet. There has been influx of vast number of Chakma and Hajong refugees from Bangladesh, which remained a continuous current till today. Other reasons for high growth rate are migration of labour forces from other neighbouring states and establishment of Government offices, institutions and industries in the District.

The district Headquarter, Changlang and Sub-Divisional Headquarter Jairampur are declablack as urban and whereas, rest of the area of the district are still consideblack as rural.

The aboriginal inhabitants of Changlang District are the Tangsas, Singphos and Tutsas. The Tangsa tribe is comprise of a number of Sub-Tribes, namely Muklom, Havi, Longchang, Mossang, Jugli, Kimsing, Ronrang, Mungrey, Longphi, Longri, Ponthai, Sangwal, Tikhak, Yungkuk, Sakieng and Thamphang. They occupy the southeastern hills of the district along Indo-Myanmar border and Namchik basin.

The Singphos occupy the plain foothills area of northern part of the district under Miao, Bordumsa and Diyun circles. The Tutsas live in the western part of the district under Changlang and Khimiyong circles. Other tribes who have migrated to the district are Noctes (APST), Lisus (Yobin), and Deoris. The Tibetans, Chakmas and Hajongs came as refugees.

The administrative setup is based on single line administration which aims to keep close co-operation amongst various developmental departments with the district administration and thus, to work together for the speedy development of the area.

The Changlang district has four Sub-Divisions namely Changlang, Miao, Jairampur and Bordumsa. Changlang Sub-Divisions covers four circles, namely Changlang, Khimiyang, Namtok and Yatdam. Miao Sub-Division covers three circles namely Miao, Kharsang and Vijoynagar. Jairampur Sub-Division covers three Circles, namely Nampong, Manmao and Jairampur and Bordumsa Sub-Division has got only two circles Bordumsa and Diyun. Total, there are tweleve Circles in Changlang district.

The Deputy Commissioner being the overall in-charge of the district maintains law and order with the help of administrative officers and police forces. Moreover, the villagers have their own customary administrative systems in the form of traditional village councils consisting of the Gaon Buras and members