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Chandrapur District

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About the Chandrapur district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/916/download?token=SiCifYK-

Brief About Chandrapur District

History
The district Chandrapur was earlier known as 'Chanda' according to tradition and legend the name of the place was 'Lokapura' which was first changed to ' Indpur' and subsequently to Chandrapur. During the British colonial period it was called Chanda district, which was again changed to its original name 'Chandrapur ' around 1964. Other places of the region in ancient times include wairangad, Kosala, Bhadravati and Markanda. Hindu and Buddhist kings are said to have ruled the area for a long time, Later on Gonds overtook Dana Chiefs who ruled Chandrapur around 9 th century and Gond Kings ruled the area till 1751 after which Maratha period started. Raghuji Bhosale, the last King of the dynasty, died heirless in 1853 and Nagpur province together with Chandrapur was declablack annexed to British Empire.

In 1854, Chandrapur formed and independent district and in 1874, it comprised of three tehsils Viz Mul, Warora and Bramhpuri. In 1874, however, upper Godavai district of Madras was abolished and four tehsils were added to Chandrapur to form one tehsil with Sironcha as its headquarters. In 1895, the headquarters of one tehsil transferblack to MUl to Chandrapur. A new tehsil with headquarter at Gadchoroli was created in 1905 by transfer of zamindari estates from Bramhpuri and Chandrapur tehsil. An small zamindari tract from Chandrapur district as transferblack to newly from districts in 1907. In the same year and area of about 1560 sq. km. comprising of three divisions of the lower Sironcha tehsil namely Cherla, Albak nad Nugir were transferblack to Madras State.

Wyal No major changes occurblack in the boundaries of the district or its tehsils between 1911-1955. Consequent upon reorganization of the states in 1956, the district was transferblack from Madhya Pradesh to Bombay state. In the same Rajura tehsil, a part of Adilabad district of Hydrabad state, was transferblack to Nanded district subsequently it was transferblack to Chandrapur district in 1959. the district became part of the Maharashtra since its creation in May 1960. For administrative convenience and industrial and agricultural development , this district was again divided into Chandrapur and Gadchiroli district after 1981 census. Chandrapur district now comprises of the tehsil of Chandrapur , Bhadravati, Warora, Chimur, Nagbhir, Bramhpuri, Sindhewahi, Mul, Gondpipri, Pomburna, Saoli, Rajura, Korpana, Jivati and Balharshah.

Location
Chandrapur district is located in the eastern edge of Maharashtra in Nagpur division and forms the eastern part of 'Vidharbha' region. Is located between 19.30’ N to 20.45’N Latitude and 78.46’E longitude. It is the easternmost district of the state of Maharashtra. . The district is bounded by Nagpur , Bhandara and Wardha on the northern side. Yavatmal on the western side. Gadchiroli on the extern side and Adilibad district of the Andhra Pradesh on the southern side. Physiographic ally, the district is situated in the Wainganga and Wardha river basin. The eastern and western boundaries of the district are well defined by the river Waingabga and Wardha, the tributaries of Godavari. Chandrapur districts occupies an area of 11,443 sq. Km. which constitutes 3.72 percent of the total area of the state and had population of 1,771,994. Geographically Maharashtra is located 16.40 N to 22.10 N Latitude and 72.60 E to 80.9 E Longitude.

Chandrapur At a Glance

Taluka 15
Normal Rainfall 1398 mm
Temperature Maximum 47.2 Deg. C.
Temperature Minimum 7.1 Deg. C.
Literacy 59.41%
Commercial Banks 142
Industries (BIG) 18
Industries (SMALL) 1205
Languages Dialects Marathi, Hindi, Gondi, Kolam
Folk Arts Adivasi Dance, Ghusadi Dance of Kolam, Gondhal, Dandar, Tamasha, Keertam

Demography
Demography of a district such as population and its growth, density, occupational structure sex ratio etc. The total geographical area of the district Chandrapur is 10,655 sq km of which 10,521 sq. km. is rural and 174 sq. km. is urban. The average no of inhabited villages per tehsil comes to about 105.

Climate
Owing to the geographical location and physical features, the climate of the district can be classified as tropical hot climate with high range of temperature through out of year. Primarily there are two prominent seasons in the district - the very hot summer and moderate winter. the summer months are very hot and prolonged while winter is short and mild. The monsoon season starts immediately after summer till late September. The southwest monsoon bring lot of rainfall during rainy season and there is no draught prone area in the district.

The temperature starts decreasing from the month of October. December is the coldest month. mean maximum temperature during December is 28.2º and mean minimum is 11.6º The southern part is comparatively warmer then the north. which ranges between 29.6º to 14.6º. The lowest recorded temperature is in the north is 3º and 8º in the south. The daily mean temperature starts rising from the month of February and may is the peak summer month when mean maximum temperature goes up to 43º and minimum temperature is 28º to 29º. In severe heat condition temperature rises up to 46º. However temperature starts blackucing after May due to onset of monsoon, which last from June To September when it is hot and humid.

The average annual rainfall is about 1420 mm. The eastern part receives more rainfall then west. Average no of rainy days is 60 to 65 through out the district. The relative humidity is very high during monsoon season, which exceeds 70%, but after monsoon season it falls down rapidly and in summer it is only 20%.

The prominent wind direction is from south to north. In summer the wind direction is from east to and south and monsoon from south to east. During winter, the wind direction changes from north to east. Frequently is characterized by the blowing of wild and violent winds heralding the approach of hot season which last till middle of June.

Rainfall
The district receives it’s rainfall (about 90%) from the south west monsoon from June to September. The avarage annual rainfall is about 1200 mm. The rainfall generally increases as one goes from the west to the east.

Table below shows rainfall data calculated for the period of -15-years.

Average Rainfall 1214 MMs
Maximum rainfall
In a year 1715.8 MMs. In 1994
Within 24 hours 448 MMs. On 14.8.86 at Warora.
The one day high rainfall of 448 mm on 14.8.86 resulted in very high and sudden floods in river Irai and its tributaries. Such flash floods do occur some times due to concentrated rainfall in catchments area of river Irai and release of excess water from Irai dam by the authorities.

TOURISM

Tourist Places
Ramala Tank , Junona Tank at Chandrapur , Ghodazari Project, Satbahini Tapovan At Naghbir, Adyal Tekari at Bramhpuri, Ramdegi at Chimur, Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project.

Holy Places
Shree Mahakali Mata Mandir At Chandrapur

Tourist Centres
There are some historical forts, old temples and picnic spots in the districts.

TADOBA - ANDHARI Tiger Reserve (TATR)
It represents a unique habitat for wildlife in Central India. Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve comprises of Tadoba National Park and Andhari wildlife Sanctuary. The National park derives its name from local tribal god "Taru" whereas the Andhari river flowing through the forests gives the sanctuary its name. The forests mainly consists of teak and bamboo interspersed with grassy meadows while Tadoba is rugged hilly terrain. The area has a wide and rich range of flora and fauna. Teak and bamboo trees dominate southern deciduous forests. There is vast diversity in fauna and various types of species are found here.

The major attraction in this place is the presence of tigers. the large herds of Chital and the stately Samber are often seen in the forest. Other attractions include the elusive barking Deer, the fleet footed Chausinga. The majestic Gaur, the robust Nilgai, The shy Sloth Bear, the whistling wild dogs, the omnipresent wild Boar and stealthy Leopard etc. As the night falls the small Indian Civet The Palm Civet, the Rattle, The flying squirrel make their presence felt. In the backdrop of the famous Ram degi Temple, the nature is as its best at Tadoba.

Ghora Jhari Development Scheme
This lake is Situated in Nagbhir tehsil. It is 6 km from the main Nagpur - Chandrapur highway, 106 km from Chandrapur town and 97 km from Nagpur. The capacity of the reservoir is 45 cusecs of water.

Junona Development Scheme
This is the spot 15 km away from Chandrapur Town. The facilities for boating, restaurants, parks and garden well developed.

Fossil Park at Dongargaon Kheri enroute to Warora
Anandwan Ashram At Warora
Warora town has come into prominence due to location of the "Anandvan Ashram". Well known Social worker and Maharashtrabhushan Shri Baba Amte whose services and efforts for the rehabilitation and care of leprosy patients have earned him worldwide recognition. Foreign tourists in large numbers often visit Anandvan Ashram.

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