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Budgam District

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About the Budgam district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/407/download?token=TrfYy-vE

Brief About Budgam District
COVERING an area of 1,371 sq. km, Budgam is the smallest district in Jammu and Kashmir accounting for nearly 1 % of the total area of the state and 6 % of its population. Bounded by the districts of Baramulla and Srinagar in the north, Pulwama in the south and the Poonch border in the south-west, Budgam is one of the youngest districts of the State, carved out as it was from the erstwhile District Srinagar in 1979. Situated at an average height of 5,281 ft above sea-level and at 75 degree E longitude and 34 degree N latitude, the district was known as Deedmarbag in ancient times. 

The topography of the district is mixed with both mountainous and plain areas. The climate is of the temperate type with the upper-reaches receiving heavy snowfall in winter. The average annual rainfall of the district is 585 mm. 

While the southern and south-western parts are mostly hilly, the eastern and northern parts of the district are plain. The average height of the mountains is 1,610 m and the total area under forest cover is 721 sq. km. The soil is loose and mostly denuded karewas dot the landscape. 

Comprising Budgam, Beerwah and Chadoora tehsils, the district has been divided into eight blocks, which serve as prime units of economic development. Budgam has been further sliced into 108 panchayats comprising 553 villages. 

The recently-concluded Census 2001 has thrown up interesting facts about the district. While educating us about some hitherto unknown aspects, these facts help to identify the areas of focus and renewed attention.

The district has recorded a population of 5,93,768, which is 6% of the State’s population. The population comprises 3,09, 574 males (52.1 %) and 2,84,194 females (47.9 %). The population density has been recorded at 433 persons per square kilometer, as compared to 99 persons per square km for the entire state.

Budgam district has registered a decadal growth rate of 26.5 per cent, which is slightly less than 29.04 per cent for the State as a whole. With a Sex-Ratio of 918 females per 1,000 males, the figure is comparatively better than that for the State, which is 900. The sex-ratio in the State has been bettered only by Pulwama (938), Kupwara (929) and Budgam (922). The overall literacy rate has been recorded at 39.54 %, which is considerably less than the figure of 54.46% for the J&K State. While the male literacy rate is 51.23% as  compared to 65.25% for the state, the female literacy rate trails at 26.60 % as against the state figure of 41.82 %. The abysmal literacy rate for the district despite its proximity to the capital is a cause of serious concern. 

With a predominantly rural outlook, 86 % of the population in Budgam district live in its villages and are primarily involved in agricultural operations.

On the positive side, the total road length in the district is 11,152.70 kms, which includes 398 kms of blacktopped roads. Consequently, the average road length in Budgam district works out to 81 kms per 100 sq. kms and over 205 kms per one lakh persons, figures which are much better than the corresponding figures for the state.

Also encouraging is the agricultural infrastructure. The net area irrigated stands at nearly 60% of the total against the state average of 40 %. The area under fruit and vegetable cultivation is about 11 % of gross area sown against the state average of about 6 %. Budgam leads Valley in cultivation of vegetables while a good quantity of fruit is also grown in selected pockets.

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION
BUDGAM district came into existence as a separate administrative unit in 1979. The district comprises three tehsils of Budgam, Chadoora and Beerwah respectively, covering nearly 500 villages. Budgam is situated at an average height of 5,281 ft above sea-level and at 75 degree E longitude and 34 degree N latitude.

TOPOGRAPHY AND SOILS
The general topography of the area is both mountainous and plain. While the southern and south-western parts are mostly hilly, the eastern and northern parts are relatively plain. The average height of the mountains is 1,610 meters. The soil is loose and mostly denuded karewas dot the landscape.

CLIMATE
The climate of district Budgam is of temperate type. The annual average rainfall is 585 mm.

Arts and Culture
The Kanishawl design is created by manipulation of tiny wooden sticks called tujis. Such is the artistry that it takes two weavers six months to make one shawl.

The state government, with help from the central government is trying to create domestic & overseas market for Kashmiri shawl.

Indigenous to Budgam, Bandpather is the most popular face of Kashmiri folk-art. Even now the bhands can be seen performing at Wathura.It is traditional bastion in Chadoora.

In a bid to revive the the age-old culture of folk music, Budgam was in the forefront in organizing cultural shows in the district.

Kanishawl the piece art of Kashmiri shawls is made in a tiny hamlet of Kanihama, from where it derives its name.

The Budgam craftsmen have great mastery in creating household items from willow-wicker such as the ubiquitous small earthen firepot, Kangri,and the quintessential baskets et al.

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