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Bidar District

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About the Bidar district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/643/download?token=ajl0Xrjm

Brief About Bidar District
Bidar is a charming district- one of its charms being a very bracing climate practically throughout the district and for the greater part of the year. April and may are the hot months, but even during this hot weather period, the heat is often broken by sharp and sudden thunder showers. By early June the south-west monsoon sets in with all its pleasant coolness and the weather is back to its bracing glory. The cold weather is never too cold and the rainfall is never excessive though its excessive variation is often the cause, symptom and malaise of severe droughts. One other aspect of its charm is that it is full of history- every village and town being replete with monuments, legends, stories of velour, romance of beautiful princesses, long forgotten battles, feuding military adventurers and even of social reform movements that shook the very foundation and structure of medieval Hinduism

Almost 700 kilometers from Bangalore, Bidar lies at the farthest north-eastern corner of Karnataka. Bifurcated and truncated during the re-organisation of states in 1956, it is only a fraction of its vast expanse in the erstwhile state of Hyderabad.

Present day Bidar covering an expanse of 5448 square kilometers of land lies between 17 o 35 !! and 18o 25!! North latitudes and 760 42!! minutes and 770 39!! east longitudes, with the districts of Nizamabad and Medak in Andhra Pradesh on the East and the districts of Nanded and Osmanabad in Maharashtra on the west. On the south lies the district of Gulbarga of Karnataka. This central position in the Deccan had for long imparted to Bidar, the pre-eminent position in the history of the Deccan though to-day it presents a picture of centuries of neglect and ruin.

Geology
The entire district forms a part of the Deccan Plateau and is made up mostly of solidified lava. The northern part of the district is characterized by expanses of level and treeless surface punctuated here and there by flat and undulating hillocks, black soils and basaltic rocks. The southern half of the district is a high plateau about 715 m above mean sea level and are well drained. The average elevation of the district is between 580 to 610 m above mean sea level. Alluvial deposit is normally found along the banks of the Manjra river and its main tributaries.

The district is entirely covered by the Deccan trap flows of the tertiary period. The Deccan trap is composed of horizontal flows of basaltic lava. They generally form flat-topped hillocks and terrace-like features. The physical characteristics of individual flows show considerable variations. Some flows are hard and massive while others are weathered, soft and friable. This character has resulted in terraced landscape, suddenly ending in escarpments. The traps are seen generally 618 m above mean sea level. These are jointed and show the characteristics of spherical weathering leaving massive hard cores. Columnar jointing is predominantly developed in these rocks, besides horizontal joints, which impart to the rocks bedded appearance. The top layers of the Deccan trap in parts of Bidar and Humnabad taluk are altered to reddish vesicular laterite, forming and extensive undulating plateau.

The minerals found in the area are Bauxite, Kaolin and Red ochre. A deposit of highly siliceous bauxite clay has been located about three kilometers south of Basavakalyan. Similar deposits are noticed near Alwal and Kamthana Villages of Bidar taluk. A large deposit of Kaolin is located near Kamthana village. Red ochre deposits are found near Sirsi and Aurad Village.

Soils
Two types of soils founds in the district are Lateritic red soil and black cotton soil. Aurad and Bhalki taluks have mainly black cotton soil. Bidar and Humnabad taluks have mainly lateritic red soil. Basavakalyan taluk has both types of soils.

HISTORY
231 B.C The Satavahanas who were ruling at Paithan as vassals of Mauryas proclaimed independence. They ruled over Dakshinapatha for about four centuries and a half. The Vakatakas dominated the Deccan.

345 A.D Kadambas rose to power Vaijayanti (Banavasi) was their capital and palasika (Halsi) a second capital Sindas of Ranjeru- Attale nadu

545 A.D Pulakesin I established chalukya power. He made vatapi( the Modern Badami) his capital

753 A.D Rashtrakuta Prince Danti Durga proclaimed him self the sovereign power in the Deccan. Manyakheta(Malkhed) was their Capital, jain temple at Kambithana(Kamthana)

913 A.D Rashtrakuta Karka 11 was dethroned by the Chalukya, Taila II, Taila's success was the beginning of the Chalukyan empire of Kalyani. 1042-68A.D Someshwara I removed the capital from Manyakheta to Kalyani

1075 A.D Kakatiya Beta II received Sabbinadu from Chalukyas.

26th February 1077 Coronation of Vikramaditya VI started Chalukya Vikrama Varsha Jalsangi Temple

1154 A.D Kalchuri Bijjala became the Mahapradhana to Taila III.

1155 A.D Bijjala Started carrying on the administration in the name of Taila III.

1157 A.D Kalachuri Bijjala assumed full imperial titles.

1162 A.D After the death of Baladeva, Basaveshwara was Minister to Bijjala. Allamaprabhu ascended sunya pitha in the anubhava mantapa

1167 A.D Bijjala abdicated the throne in favour of his son somideva or someshvara.

1181 A.D Somesvara IV the son of Chalukya Taila III became ruler after sweeping away the last remnants of Kalchuri power.

1188 A.D Yadava Bhillama seized Kalyana. The Kakatiyas also gained some territory of chalukyan empire as a result of the final dissolution of Chalukyan hegemony.

1270 A.D Yadava mahadeva was forced to surrender Bedadakota (Bidar) which was annexed to the Kakatiya Kingdom. Sinda Bhairava assisted Kakatiyas in the struggle

1318 A.D Badarkot (Bidar) and other places were ceded to Khusrau Khan

1320 A.D Kakatiya pratap rudra reoccupied Badarkot and other places.

1322 A.D Bidar Town which was on the frontier of Telingana and Baswakalyan forts were taken by Ulugh Khan(Muhammad-Bin-Tughluq) who was then a prince. Those town fort were left incharge of trust worthy officers with strong garrison.

1336 A.D The Vijaynagara empire founded.

1341 A.D Muhammad Bin Tughluq honoured Shihab-Ud-Din of Multan with the litle Nusrat Khan and conferred on him the Government of Bidar( One of the aqlims or provinces) with its dependencies on the condition that he should pay a revenue of one Crore of rupees annually into the kings treasury.

1345 A.D As Nusrat Khan could not fulfil the condition, he was expelled. Sadah Amirs (who were revenue collectors as well as military commanders under Mohd. Tughluq) rebelled. They elected one of their members Ismail Mukh as the sultan of Deccan. As he was aged, he readily abdicated his charge in favour of Hasan Gangu.

3rd August 1347 Zafar Khan (Hasan Gangu) was crowned and assumed the title of Ala-Ud-Din Hasan Bahman Shah at Daulatabad. He made Gulbarga his capital. Bidar was made a taraf/province under a governor. The Bidar town began to flourish as a provincial head quarters.

1358 A.D Azam-I-Humiyun of Bidar who defeated the Nayaka of warangal was appointed as the Governor of Golconda. 1364 A.D The Kingdom of warangal was finally destroyed by Ahmed shah

1378-1397 A.D Muhamad II established some schools for orphans at Bidar.

1396 The Durga Devi Xamam; a famine that lasted for 12 years and ruined the country between the Godavari and the Krishna.

1428 A.D On his return from Kherla, Ahmed stayed in Bidar for some time, where he was struck by its situation and climate that he decided to build a new city near its ancient fortress and called it Ahmadabad-Bidar.

1429 A.D Bidar became the new capital. Ahmed shah wali(1423-1436 A.D) laid the foundations of the Bidar fort. The construction was completed around 1432 A.D

1436-1458 A.D Ala-Ud-Din Ahmed-II . He built a large hospital at Bidar and staffed it with expert Muslim and Hindu physicians.

1453 Mohammed Gawan's arrival at Bidar.

1458-1461A.D Humayun was the sultan. He appointed mahmud Gawan as the Prime Minister, Commander-in-Chief and governor of Bijapur.

1461-1463 Nizamud-din-Ahmed II 1463-1482 Muhammad III Mahmud Gawan. Prime Minister, introduced many reforms, Great Madarsa of Mahmud Gawan was found by Gawan in 1472 A.D, Goa annexed to Bahmani Kingdom.

1471-1474 A.D Afanasy Nikitin a Russian Traveler was in the Deccan including Bidar.

5th April 1481 On the order of the monarch Muhammad III, mahmud Gawan was beheaded at Kondappalli Camp.

1523 A.D As Bahmani Sultan Alaud-din Shah was venturing to assert himself, he was dethrouned by Amir Barid.

1538 A.D The Bahamani dynasty faded out of history. Five smaller states emerged including Barid Shahi dynasty.

1543 A.D Ali Barid assumed royal appellation of Shah.

1619 A.D The Adil Shah of Bijapur took over Bidar.

1656 A.D The Mughal forces captured Bidar and Kalyani. Bidar was annexed to the Mughal empire.

1724 A.D Asaf Jahi Dynasty succeeded Mughal rule. Rule by governors.

1846 A.D Bidar was made the headquarter of a sadar talukdar (Commissioner)

1867 A.D "Bhalki conspiracy " was the echo of the great insurrection of 1857-58 in the region.

1891 A.D Govt. school at Bidar was made a High School.

1905 A.D Bidar was reduced to H.Q of Talluqdar(Collector)

29th August, 1911 The last member of Nizam dyansty Mir Osman Ali Khan, became the Nizam.

1922 Bidar Dist. Central co-operative Bank came into existence.

1st July 1932 The Railway line which passes through the Bidar district was opened for traffic.

17th Sept 1948 The Nizam announced on the radio about the surrender. The Nizam rule came to an end. Asafia Flag brought down. The Hyderabad state became a part of the Indian Union.

1952 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Abdul Kalam Azad and Ku. Padmaja Nadu visited Bidar.

1955 Akhil Bharat Veershaiva Mahasabha held its sammelan at Basavakalyan. Sri Jayachamraj wadeyer, the then Governor of Mysore State laid the foundation of New Anubhava Mantappa Building.

1956 Vist of Dr. Rajendra Prasad to Bidar. 1st Novermber

1956 Bidar district along with other districts of Hyderabad Karnataka became part of Mysore state but only with four talukas. Basavakalyan Taluka was brought into existence in 1965

21st March 1961 Bidar Shakar Sakkare Karkhana Ltd., a sugar factory was registered under the Karnataka co-operative societies act.

1961 B.V. Bhoomaraddi College, First Degree College started at Bidar.

26th Nov. 1969 B.S.S.K Ltd., at Hallikhed started its regular production.

1998 SHG movement started in a big way in Bidar District by DCC Bank Ltd., Bidar.

2002 Naranja Sugar Factory (Under Opt. Sector) started its regular production.

THE CHALUKYAS OF KALYANA

957 A.D Taila (Tailapa)II Manyakheta

1997 A.D Satyashraya Manyakheta

1008-1014 A.D Vikramaditya V Manyakheta

1014-1015 A.D Ayyana Manyakheta

1015-1044 A.D Jagadekamalla Jayasimha II Manyakheta

1044-1068 A.D Someshvara I (About 1048, Kalyana was made the metropolis of the kingdom in place of Manyakheta)

1068-1077 A.D Bhuvanaikamalla Someshvara II

1077-1127 A.D Vikramaditya VI

1127-1139A.D Someshvara III

1139-1149 A.D Jagadeka Malla II

1149-1162 A.D Taila III THE KALACHURIYAS

1162-1167/68 A.D Bijjala II

1167-1177 A.D Rayamurari-Sovideva

1177-1180 A.D Sankama II

1180-1183 A.D Rayanarayana Ahavamalla

1182/83-1200A.D Chalukya Someshvara IV

By about 1200A.D Chalukyan Power faded out

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