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Ballari District

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About the Ballari district

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Brief About Ballari District
1.1 Ballari district takes its name from the word Balari which refers to goddess Durugamma as this goddess had marijested herself in the town. Some of the events in the great epic Ramayana are related to this historical place. It is said that Rama while searching for Sita met Sugreeva and Hanuman at a place which is very near to Hampi, the celebrated capital of Vijayanagara kingdom. The history speaks volumes about significant role it acquired during Satavahanas, Kadambas, Chalukyas of Kalyana, Kalachuryas, Sevunas and Hoysalas period. There upon the Vijayanagara rulers built the " City of Victory " on the bank of Tungabhadra river at Hampi in Hospet Taluk. This area which had witnessed the prosperity to its peak fell into political turmoil after the fall of Vijayanagara in 1565. This district was transferred to the erstwhile Mysore State on 1st October 1953 from Madras State. With the re-organisation of the districts during 1997, the number of taluks is reduced to 7. The Harapanahalli taluk has been transferred to Davanagere district.

1.2 Ballari district is spread from South-West to North – East and is situated on the eastern side of Karnataka State. The district is situated between 14o 30’ and 15o50’ north latitude and 75o 40’ and 77o 11’ east longitude. This district is bounded by Raichur district on the north by Dharwad district on the west, Chitradurga and Davangere districts on the south and Anantapur, Kurnool districts of Andhra Pradesh on east.It comes under the administrative control of Gulbarga division and development jurisdiction of H.K.D.B, Gulbarga.

1.3 As per 1991 census the population of the district stood at 16.53 lakhs. The geographical area is 8447 sq.km. It has 2 revenue sub divisions viz., Ballari Sub-Division and Hospet Sub-Division which have in all seven taluks. The Ballari Sub- Division has 3 taluks while there are five taluks in Hospet Sub-Division. There are 27 hoblies, two CMCs one Town Municipality, seven Town Panchayat 542 Revenue villages, 436 Thandas/habitations. The rural population constitute 70%. The density of population is 196 per sq.km which is much lower than the State average of 235 per sq.km. However the decimal growth rate for 1981-91 was 26.92 P.C which is higher than the State growth rate of 21.12 p.c. The SC/ST population constitute 28 p.c. of the total population. The sex-ratio was 965 which is slightly higher than the state average of 960. The normal rainfall is 639mm.

1.4 The major occupation of this district is agriculture and 75 p.c. total labour force is dependent on agriculture for its livelihood. The important crops grown are Cotton, Jowar, Groundnut, Paddy, Sunflower and Cereals. The net irrigated area is 37 p.c. to the net area sown. The pattern of land utilization in the district is as under (1997-98)