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Accidents

An accident, also known as an unintentional injury, is an undesirable, incidental and unplanned event that could have been prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence. Most scientists who study unintentional injury avoid using the term "accident" and focus on factors that increase risk of severe injury and that reduce injury incidence and severity (Robertson, 2015).

Types
Physical and non-physical

Physical examples of accidents include unintended motor vehicle collisions or falls, being injured by touching something sharp, hot, electrical or ingesting poison. Non-physical examples are unintentionally revealing a secret or otherwise saying something incorrectly, forgetting an appointment etc.

By activity
Accidents during the execution of work or arising out of it are called work accidents. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), more than 337 million accidents happen on the job each year, resulting, together with occupational diseases, in more than 2.3 million deaths annually.
In contrast, leisure-related accidents are mainly sports injuries.

By vehicle
Aviation
Bicycles
Sailing ships
Traffic collisions
Train wrecks
Trams

Common causes
Poisons, vehicle collisions and falls are the most common causes of fatal injuries. According to a 2005 survey of injuries sustained at home, which used data from the National Vital Statistics System of the United States National Center for Health Statistics, falls, poisoning, and fire/burn injuries are the most common causes of death.

The United States also collects statistically valid injury data (sampled from 100 hospitals) through the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System administered by the Consumer Product Safety Commission. This program was revised in 2000 to include all injuries rather than just injuries involving products. Data on emergency room visits is also collected through the National Health Interview Survey. In The U.S. the Bureau of Labor Statistics has available on their website extensive statistics on workplace accidents.

About 1.24 million people die each year on the world's roads and between 20 and 50 million sustain non-fatal injuries. We have started sharing countrywise statistics and are doing a secondary research on countrywise accidents. The subissues of accidents we cover are :
Road accidents, rail accidents, air accidents, industrial accidents, marine accidents, mine accidents, natural accidents, radiation accidents.

Between 2015-2016-2017, we will interview field experts to share how they have solutions for subissuewise challenges of accidents.

There is statistical information on accidents in 182 countries. This report researched by WHO called, "The Global status report on road safety 2013" presents information on road safety from 182 countries, accounting for almost 99% of the world’s population. We thank WHO for Global status report on road safety 2013.

WHO report shares that Road traffic injuries are the eighth leading cause of death globally, and the leading cause of death for young people aged 15–29 . More than a million people
die each year on the world’s roads, and the cost of dealing with the consequences of
these road traffic crashes runs to billions of dollars. Current trends suggest that by 2030 road traffic deaths will become the fifth leading cause of death unless urgent action is taken.

Legal case
One NGO in India has identified certain gaps in the existing legal framework around Road Safety and Emergency Care in India. Based on detailed study of these gaps and an RTI exercise carried out over 2 years in order to gather authentic, original, verifiable data, the NGO has filed two Public Interest Litigations in the Supreme Court of India in order to provide interim relief until such time that the lacunae is addressed legislatively.

PIL = Public Interest Litigation
PIL #1: Guidelines to protect Good Samaritans from harassment, intimidation & coercion and ensuring effective Trauma services across the country
PIL #2: Highlighting deficiencies and gaps in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 and the Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989 as the principal legislations around Road Safety in India

The NGO has worked tirelessly to establish, finance and sensitise Central and State Governments to institutionalise EMS – its infrastructure, training and credentialising of paramedics, universal access number, ambulance standards and most significantly, EMS legislation. It has helped catalyse the 108 system in India and worked with its partners for the 110 system in Sri Lanka besides working with stakeholders in Turkey, Bangladesh and Bhutan.