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Wokha District

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About the Wokha district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/321/download?token=rkRxYBol

Brief About Wokha District
Wokha History
In the year 1876, the British Government occupied Wokha as the District Hq. Of the

Naga Hills under Assam . In the year 1878 , the Hq. Was shifted to Kohima and Wokha remained as a Sub-Division. Again in 1889, the Sub-Division was shifted to Mokokchung. Only in the year 1957, when Mokokchung became a District through the creation of N.H.T.A., Wokha again became a Sub-Division. During the first General Election of January 1964, there were 5 (five) Assembly Constituencies in the Sub-Division among the total of 40 (forty) Constituencies for the State of Nagaland, then Mon and Tuensang were under the direct supervision of the Governor for a limit of 10 (ten) years. In the year 1973, Wokha District was created and the third General Election was held in 1974, with the additional 20 (twenty) Constituencies for Tuensang and Mon Districts. It was during this elections, in the re-distribution of Constituencies, the number of Assembly Constituency for the Wokha District was reduced to 4 (four) and it remains so till date.

The Wokha district is situated in the mid-western part of the Nagaland State , adjacent to the Sibsagar plains of the Assam State . It is bounded by Mokokchung district in the North, Kohima district in the South, Zunheboto district in the East and the State of Assam in the west. The Wokha district is situated at a latitude of 26º 8’ North and a Longitude of 94º 18’ East.The topography of the district is more or less similar with that of other district in the State, having hill ranges and ridges di-sected by seasonal streams. The altitude ranges from 303.3 Mts. To 1313.67 Mtrs. The climate is warm in the lower plain areas, moderately warm in the upper region during summer but cold in winter. The monsoon season starts from May and continues till October. The annual rainfall varies from 200 cms. To 250 cms.   The district is divided into three ranges, which are as follows :-  

a)      Wokha

Range

or Upper Range , which falls in the upper north eastern parts   of  the district.b)      Sanis

Range or Middle Range , which covers the middle part of the districtc)      Bhandari

Range

or Lower Range . It is the outer most part of the district which extends from the Japukong range of Mokokchung district and gradually slopes down to the Assam plains in the north western side. Two of the most fertile valleys are in this range and they are the Baghty and Tchiying valleys.

The highest mountain peak is the Tiyi Enung, with an altitude of 1970 mtrs. Important rivers which flow through the district are Doyang, Chubi, Nzhu and Nruk. The district lie in a seismically active earthquake zone

WOKHA THE DISTRICT

Wokha is the district headquarters of the Lothas. It is equidistant at 80 Km both from Kohima as well as Mokokchung. It is 58 Km from Furkating Railway Station (Assam). Wokha literally means census in Lotha. It was the place where the ancient Lothas counted heads before spreading out into the villages during their waves of migrations. There are monoliths (LOngzu) erected by their rich ancestors to exhibit their status. Lothas are know for their colourful dances and songs particularly Shanta. Tokhu Emong and Pikhuchak are their main festivals. The former takes place on the 7th November every year. Opvuram and Longpensu are their prestigious social shawls for women and men, respectively. Some of the villages which have the remnants of the old culture are Longsa, Nrung Longidang, Longsachung anf Yanthamo. The land of the death can be seen from Yanthamo. In the middle range, at Lakhuti village, one can find TIYULONG (a rock). It is believed that if the area around this rock is cultivated drought occurs. Wokha is also famous for fruits like oranges, plum, passion fruits and bananna. Fresh vegetables and bamboo shoots are also easily available.

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