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Vidisha District

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About the Vidisha district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/500/download?token=MOoOjr1L

Brief About Vidisha District
Vidisha or Besnagar as it is called in the Pali scriptures, once the prosperous capital of the western dominions of the Sungas, contains some remarkable antiquities that throw light on the considerable architectural development of the period.

Situated in the fork of the Betwa and Bes rivers, Vidisha, 10 km from Sanchi, occupies an important place amongst the ancient cities in India. In the 6th and 5th centuries BC, it rose to become an important trade centre and a bustling city under the Sungas, Nagas, Satvahanas and Guptas. The Emperor Ashoka was governor of Vidisha, and it finds mention in Kalidasa's immortal Meghdoot. Deserted for three centuries after the 6th century, it was renamed Bhilsa by the Muslims who built the now ruined Bija Mandal, a mosque constructed from the remains of Hindu temples. It later passed on to the Malwa Sultans, the Mughals, and the Scindias.

Vidisha district of Madhya Pradesh extends between Latitude 230 21' and 240 22' North and Longitude 770 15' 30" and 780 18' East. The District is situated in Eastern part of the fertile Malwa Region. The shape of this District is more or less Elliptical and the longer axis lies from North West to South East with slight projections on the North, North-West, South and South-West. Its greatest length from North-West to South-East is about 133.6 km and the greatest width from North-East to South-West is about 96 km . The Tropic of Cancer passes through the Southern stretch of the District about 2 km South of the District Head Quarters. It is bounded in the North by Guna District in the South by Raisen District and in the East by Sagar District.

i) Alluvium Alluvium occurs over a large part of the area particularly along the course of streams like Betwa, Sagar, Besh etc. It consists mainly of a yellow or grey brown sandy clay and contains a large proportions of 'Kankers '. Along the Betwa River it often forms steep cliffs in the Northern part of the area .

(ii) Laterite. These occur in some places as caps on some high trap hills, but generally as ferruginous cellular rocks capping low lying Deccan trap hills, in places surrounded by alluvium. These are used mainly as a road metal.

(iii) Deccan Trap with inter-trappeans. The Deccan Trap is the most widespread rock formation in this district. These rocks are horizontal or nearly horizontal, the dark Lava flows lend to the countryside a terraced appearance. The principal rock is a basalt having vesicles filled with zeolite, agate, calcite, etc. The inter-trappeans, mainly impure crystalline limestone and cacareous chert occur as a residual blocks and boulders scatteres over a surface as well as discontinuous outcrops amidst the Deccan Trap. Small isolated outcrops of intertrappeans mostly lime stone are also present in Vidisha.

The District provides inexhaustible reserves of building materials. The important minerals are

1. Lime stone
2. Laterite
3. Vindhyan sandstones.
4. Basalt
5. Road metal Clay

The climate of the District is generally dry except during the South West. Monsoon season : The nights are generally pleasant and justify the praise by the Mughals for a Shab-E-Malwa famous through out the India. The monsoon in generally during June and continues the end of September. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season from December to February is followed by the Hot season till mid-June. The period from mid-June to about the end of September constitute the South-West Monsoon. October and November may be termed the post monsoon or retreating monsoon. The average annual rainfall in the district is 1,229.9 m.m. During the summer season on individual days the maximum temperature go above 460 C. After October both the day and night temperatures steadily decreases till January which is the coldest month. The district is affected by cold waves during the cold season in association with the western disturbances passing across the northern part on India and the minimum temperature may drop down occasionally to a degree or so above the freezing point of water and frosts may occur.

Tel: District Collector 07592-234520

Fast Facts - Statistical Profile
Latitude 230 21' and 240 22'
Longitude 770 15' and 780 18' Mean
Sea Level 428.96 meters.
Average Rainfall 1161.7 m.m.
Density of the population 132 per Sq. km.
Sex ratio in the population 874 females per 1000 males.
Growth rate of population 23.92 % ( 1981 - 1991.)
Towns 5 Number of Tehsils 7 Number of Development Block 7

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