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Varanasi District

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About the Varanasi district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/848/download?token=hpNeiRRp

Brief About Varanasi District
Varanasi, or Banaras, (also known as Kashi) is one of the oldest living cities in the world. Varanasi`s Prominence in Hindu mythology is virtually unrivalled. Mark Twain, the English author and literateur, who was enthralled by the legend and sanctity of Banaras, once wrote : "Banaras is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend and looks twice as old as all of them put together". According to the ‘Vamana Purana’, the Varuna and Assi rivers originated from the body of the primordial Person at the beginning of time itself. The tract of land lying between them is believed to be ‘Varanasi’, the holiest of all pilgrimages. The word ‘Kashi’ originated from the word ‘Kas’ which means to shine. Steeped in tradition and mythological legacy, Kashi is the ‘orignal ground ‘ created by Shiva and parvati, upon which they stood At the beginning of time. Varanasi is the microcosm of Hinduism, a city of traditional classical culture, Glorified by myth and legend and sanctified by religion, it has always attracted a larg number of pilgrims And worshippers from time immemorial.To be in Varanasi is an experience in itself…. An experience in Self –discovery… an ethereal oneness of the body and soul. To every visitor; varanasi offers a breathtaking experience. The rays of the dawn shimmering across the ganges… the high-banks ; the temples and shrines along the banks bathed in a golden hue …soul stirring hymns and mantras alongwith the fragrance of incense filling the air…and the refreshing dip in the holy waters gently splashing at the Ghats. Varanasi – The land where experience and discovery reach the ultimate bliss. Varanasi is also renowned for its rich tapestry of music, arts, crafts and education. Some of the world – renowned exponents India has produced in these fields were schooled in Varanasi’s cultural ethos. Luminaries apart, Varanasi abounds in the art of silk weaving, an exotic work of art which manifests itself in precious Banarasi silk sarees and silk brocades which are cherished as collector’s items across the world today.

 

Varanasi District at a Glance

  • Geographical Location:                      Longitude: 83.0                 Latitude: 25.20
  • Geographical Area(Sq. km.): 1550      Average Height from Sea Level: 258146 ft
  • Average Rainfall (1997): 1019 m.m.    Temperature:       Max.:  46.8                    Min.: 3.2
  • Population(1991):Total: 2508.11 Lakh  Urban:1057.97 Lakh   Rural:1450.14 Lakh  Density(sq.Km.): 1618
  • Literacy Percentage(1991):         Total: 52.4                  Male: 67.3                      Female: 35.3
  • No. of Tehsils: Two   (Varanasi sadar & Pindra)
  • No. of Development Blocks: Eight  (Kashi Vidya Pith, Cholapur, Badagoan, Chiraigoan, Harahua, Pindra, ArajiLine and Sevapuri)
  • No. of Nayapanchayat: 108       No. of Panchayat : 698
  • Total Village: 1336                     Habited: 1262               Inhabited : 74           Forest Village: 0
  • Town & Town Area:  10             Nagar Mahapalika: 1    Nagarpalika: 1         Cantt. area: 1
  • Town Area: 1                             Notified Area: 2           Census Town: 4
  • Police Stations: 23                     Urban: 16                     Rural: 7
  • Post Offices: 280                         Main Post office: 2      Urban: 135                 Rural: 145   
  • Nationalised Bank: 136              Others: 30                    Gramin Banks: 30     Co-operative bank: 14
  • Industries(1990-91): 594              Small scale Industries: 6072
  •  Education:
  • University: Three (B.H.U., S.S.U. & K.V.P.)  Medical Collage: One  (I.M.S., B.H.U.)  Engineering Collage: One (I.I.T., B.H.U.)
  • Polytechnic: One (Govt. Girls polytechnic)   Industrial Training Institute: Three (ITI, Chauka ghat Girls,boys & Karaundi)
  • Degree Collage: 13  Higher Secondary School: 145  Senior Basic School: 390  Junior Basic school: 995
  • Health
  • Alopaethic Hospital:61          Aryuvedic Hospital:28            Unani Hospital:1       Homeopathic:13
  • Primary Health Centre:31    Family welfare Centre: 35    Family welfare sub-centre: 234
  • Special Hospital:-                T.B. Centre: 2                        Leprosy: 1
  • Electrified Village: 1060
  • Theaters:26                    T.V. Centre 1                     T.V. Cable: 1
  • Main Reveres: Two (Ganga & Varuna)
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