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We have started sharing news, interviews, awards, seminars, conferences, workshops, innovations, success stories, failure points, research, what we can do
While we have started sharing programmes from all countries, Thane , India are our global examples. So, we cover all States /UTs /Districts of India.
Tuberculosis

National TB statistics for India
India is the country with the highest burden of TB. The World Health Organisation (WHO) statistics for 2015 give an estimated incidence figure of 2.2 million cases of TB for India out of a global incidence of 9.6 million. The TB incidence for India is the number of new cases of active TB disease in India during a certain time period (usually a year).

The estimated TB prevalence figure for 2015 is given as 2.5 million.1 The TB prevalence is the number of people in India who are living with active TB. Prevalence is usually, but not always given as a percentage of the population.2
It is estimated that about 40% of the Indian population is infected with TB bacteria, the vast majority of whom have latent rather than active TB.

Most of the national TB statistics for India are collected by the government Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) which was started in 1997, and which was then expanded across the country.

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RNTCP – Government of India TB Treatment & Care
The RNTCP in India
The large scale implementation of the Indian government’s Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) (sometimes known as RNTCP 1) was started in 1997. The RNTCP was then expanded across India until the entire nation was covered by the RNTCP in March 2006. At this time the RNTCP also became known as RNTCP II. RNTCP II was designed to consolidate the gains achieved in RNTCP I, and to initiate services to address TB/HIV, MDR-TB and to extend RNTCP to the private sector. RNTCP uses the WHO recommended Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS) strategy and reaches over a billion people in 632 districts/reporting units.

With the RNTCP both diagnosis and treatment of TB are free. There is also, at least in theory, no waiting period for patients seeking treatment and TB drugs.

The initial objectives of the RNTCP in India were:

to achieve and maintain a TB treatment success rate of at least 85% among new sputum positive (NSP) patients
to achieve and maintain detection of at least 70% of the estimated new sputum positive people in the community
New sputum positive patients are those people who have never received TB treatment before, or who have taken TB drugs for less than a month. They have also had a positive result to a sputum test, which diagnoses them as having TB.1

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History of TB in India – Ancient times until the end of colonial rule
TB has existed in India for several thousand years, and this page covers the history of TB in India from ancient times until the end of colonial rule and the coming of independence.

History of TB in India – TB in ancient times
TB in India around 1500 BCE

TB in India is an ancient disease, and in Indian literature there are passages from around 1500 BCE in which consumption is mentioned, and the disease is attributed to excessive fatigue, worries, hunger, pregnancy and chest wounds.1

TB in India around 500 BCE

Rigveda manuscript written down in 19th century

Then from around 500 BCE there are a number of Sanskrit manuscripts which are the texts from which the Ayurveda system of general Indian medical practice is derived.2 In at least one of these there is a group of diseases referred to as Sosha.

These are diseases with a prominent feature of wasting, and there are other symptoms such as “cough and blood-spitting”. It is also said that the Moon-god, the king of the Brahmanas was the first to become a victim of this disease, which is as a result also known as Rajayakshma, or king’s disease.

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