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Tiruvannamalai District

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About the Tiruvannamalai district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/973/download?token=Z06B9FcS

Brief About Tiruvannamalai District
1. About District
Tiruvannamalai District came into existence on 30th September 1989 after the bifurcation of the erstwhile North Arcot District.  The District lies between 11.55° and 13.15° North latitude and 78° 20' to 79° 50' East longitude. The district is bounded on the north and west by Vellore District, on the southwest by Krishnagiri District, on the south by Villupuram District and on the east by Kanchipuram District.

2.  TOTAL AREA

The Total Geographical Area of the District is 6191 Sq Kms, comprising the Revenue Divisions of Tiruvannamalai and Cheyyar. The district has six taluks viz. Tiruvannamalai, Chengam, Polur, Arni, Cheyyar and Vandavasi. There are 18 Blocks, including one tribal Block,  Javvadhu Hills constituting the district under Rural sector and four Municipalities viz. Tiruvannamalai, Arni, Cheyyar (Thiruvathipuram), Vandavasi representing urban sectors along with Polur selection grade Town Panchayat.

3.  BOUNDARIES

The district is bounded on the North and West by Vellore district and on the South West by Krishnagiri district on the South Villupuram district and on the East by Kanchipuram district.

4.  FOREST AND HILLS

One sixth of the area of this district is Covered by reserve forest and hills which is part and parcel of Eastern Ghats under Javvadhu Hills. The important hills in this district are Tiruvannamalai (2668 ft 79.80 MSL),  Javvadhu hills (2500 ft MSL) and Kailasagiri (2743 ft MSL).

5.  SOIL

The red loamy soil is predominantly found here. However Polur taluk has concentration of red series loam. The district has also different types of soils such as ferrogenous loamy and sandy loamy however black series loam is found in tanks and river beds of Cheyyar and Vandavasi taluks.

6.  CLIMATE AND RAINFALL

The general climate is tropical. The district receives rainfall from North East and South West monsoons. The total rainfall during 2002-2003 in this district was 1028.7 mm.

7.  POPULATION

The total population of this district 21,81,853 comprising of 10,93,191 Men and 10,88,662 women as per 2001 census(Provisional figure). The urban population is 4,00,549 constituting 18 % of the total Population, the remaining 82% ie.17,81,304 is rural population. The density of the population is 352 per sq.km. The SC&ST population is (not available). The total literate among male are 7,73,367 and that of female are 5,44,284.

8.  RIVER

There is no perennial river in the district. Cheyyar, Thenpennai, Kamandala Naganathi are only seasonal. SATHANUR DAM is constructed across Thenpennai river in Chengam taluk among Chennakesava Hills.

9.  CROPPING PATTERN

Paddy, Groundnut, Sugarcane, Millets and pulses are the major crops. During the current fasli 1413, 0.438 L/Hect of paddy, 0.12 L/Hect of sugarcane, 0.312 L/Hect of groundnut, 0.11 L/Hect of pulses are cultivated.

10.  TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION

93 Km of meter gauge rail transport in the Katpadi and Villupuram segment are utilised for both passenger and goods transportation as far as road transport nearly,1600 km of various kinds of roads are used. The district has two head post offices, 73 Sub Post Offices, 444 branch Post Offices besides one Telegraphic Office, 2 Telephone divisions and nearly 56643 phone connections.

11.  ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

The district is the leader in white and brown revolution among the districts in Tamil Nadu. Two milk chilling plants are in operation at Tiruvannamalai and Anakkavoor, providing approximately 2.03 L/Lit per day , in both flush and lean season.

12.  INDUSTRIES

This district is industrially backward. The SLS cotton spinning mill is the only major industry and in Annakkavoor and Polur,  sugar mills are functioning. However medium and small scale industries as well as cottage industries, such as modern rice mills, weaving factories, cotton , silk and mat weaving, coire manufacturing and beedi manufacturing are flourishing here. The district is enriched in mineral deposits such as black granites, multi-coloured granites, soap and magnesite deposits.

13.  BANKING

To create the financial need a network of 141 commercial bank branches, 1 District central co-op banks, 157 primary Agri.Co-operative banks, 8 LDB and one branch of TNIIC are operated here.

14.  PLACES OF WORSHIP AND TOURIST PLACES

Tiruvannamalai is one of the most venerated places in Tamil Nadu . The main Deepam festival attracts devotees from far and wide throughout South India. It has historic places besides Tiruvannamalai, Arni, Vandavasi, Devigapuram connected to East India and French companies. It has a few well maintained tourist places such as Sathanur dam, Amirthy game park.

In the late Chola period this district was ruled by the Cholan of Sambuvarayar having Padavedu near Arni as HQ. We can now find the fort and note along with a Shiva temple namely Kailasanathar in Arni town. On the whole Tiruvannamalai is traditionally rich in Historic and spiritual values but lacks in industrial growth.

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