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Tiruvallur District

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About the Tiruvallur district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/966/download?token=cg7P2fj1

Brief About Tiruvallur District
History of Tiruvallur
was originally known as Tiruvallur which specifies the sleeping position of the holy lord "Balaji", in the Veeraragava temple of Tiruvallur. Later people began to refer it by names such as Trivellore and Tiruvallur. Today Tiruvallur is well known, one of the reason being the Veeraragava Temple. The new moon day is very auspicious day for the lord and so for the people of the town.

The district of Tiruvallur has been carved out by bifurcating erstwhile Chengalpattu district (which was renamed as Chengalpattu-MGR/Kancheepuram at the time of 1991 Census). According to the said bifurcation Tiruvallur revenue division which included Tiruvallur, Tiruttani taluks and Uthukkottai and Pallipattu sub-taluks separated from Chengalpattu district along with Ponneri and Gummindipoondi taluks of Saidapet revenue division and formed this new district. At present this district is comprised of eight taluks namely Ambattur, Gummindipoondi, Ponneri, Uthukkottai, Tiruvallur, Poonamallee, Tiruttani and Pallipattu.

In the far past, this region was under a chain of regimes commencing from the Pallavas during the 7th century ending with the Nawab of Arcot during the early part of 19th century when it came under the British rule. In 1687, the Golkonda rulers were defeated and the region came under the Moghul emperors of Delhi. The towns and villages of this region were the scene of Carnatic wars. Battles are said to have been fought in this region during the struggle for supremacy between the English and French. The town of Pulicat was the earliest Dutch possession in India founded in 1609 which was ceded to the British in 1825. With this, the region came under the British rule which ended on the 15th August, 1947 with India becoming independent.

Geographical Position

Thiruvallur district, a newly formed district bifurcated from the erstwhile Chengalpattu district (on 1st January 1997),  is located in the North East part of Tamil Nadu.

North Latitude  between 12°15' and 13°15'
East Longitude  between 79°15' and 80°20'

The district is surrounded by Kancheepuram district in the South, Vellore district in the West. Bay of Bengal in the East and Andhra Pradesh State in the North. The district spreads over an area of about 3422 Sq.kms.

An insight into the early history of this region shows that the region was reined by kingdoms such as the Pallavas, the Golkondas, the Mughals, the French, the Dutch and also the British.

Physical Features

The Coastal region is mostly flat while certain areas in Tiruttani and Pallipattu taluks are undulated and even hilly. The types of soil predominantly found are red non-calcareous and coastal alluvial. Also found are sandy soil mixed with soda or other alkali.

The soil found in the coastal region is of the erinaceous type (sandy), suitable for casuarinas plants.

Population

The population of the district is 27,38,866 persons with 51% male and 49% female as per the census 2001 (provisional).

Population Distribution

  Number Percentage
Total 27,38,866  
Male 13,90,292 50.76%
Female 13,48,574 49.24%
Rural 12,46,832 45.52%
Urban 14,92,034 44.48%
Density (Per km2) 800  
Sex ratio 970/1000  

Rainfall and Climate

The average rainfall of the district is 1104.4 mm, of which the North East monsoon contributes to the tune of 690 mm. The actual rainfall received during the agricultural year 2001 - 02 is 1164.4mm.

The average temperature of the district is
    Maximum 37.9°C
    Minimum 18.5°C

Like other parts of Tamil Nadu, hot climate prevails during the month of April - May and humid climate during the rest of the year except December - February when it is slightly cold.

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