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Tirunelveli District

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About the Tirunelveli district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/970/download?token=YLgP5B7a

Brief About Tirunelveli District
Tirunelveli District, the penultimate southern most district of Tamil Nadu, is described as a microcosm of the State. The district has diverse geographical and physical features such as lofty mountains and low plains, rivers and cascades, seacoast and thick inland forest, sandy soils and fertile alluvium, a variety of flora, fauna, and protected wild life. The glory of Tirunelveli District is the pride of Tamils. The crawling clouds on the Western Ghats, the picturesque Pothigai hills and the Courtallam water falls are the special features which make Tirunelveli unique. The district consists of all the five geographical divisions referred to in Tamil literature. The Western Ghats form the Kurinji (Mountainous) region; the Kalakkadu and Mundanthurai forests form the Mullai (Forest) region; the lands watered by the Tamiraparani and other rivers fall under Marudham (Paddy fields); the Radhapuram sea coast is its Neithal land (coastal) and the teri land forms the Palai (desert) region. The district is dotted with centres of natural beauty, pilgrimage, architectural eminence and memorials to great warriors of Indian independence.

General Details about Tirunelveli District

Tirunelveli  the penultimate southern most district of Tamil Nadu, is described as a microcosm of the State, owing to its mosaic and diverse geographical and physical features such as lofty mountains and low plains, dry Teri structures, rivers and cascades, seacoast and thick inland forest, sandy soils and fertile alluvium, a variety of flora, fauna, and protected wild life.Thenpandiyanadu of the early Pandyas, Mudikonda Cholamandalam of the Imperial Cholas, Tirunelveli Seemai of the Nayaks, Tinnevelly district of the East India Company and the British administration and Tirunelveli district of Independent India became Nellai-Kattabomman district on its bifurcation in 1986 and subsequently was christened as Tirunelveli-Kattabomman district. As per the decision of the Government of Tamil Nadu to call all the districts by the name of  the headquarter town, Tirunelveli-Kattabomman district is now Tirunelveli district.

Origin of the District

On acquisition from the Nawab of Arcot in1801, the British named it as Tinnevelly district though their headquarters was first located in Palayamkottai the adjacent town, where they had their military headquarters during their operations against the Palayakars. Two reasons may be attributed for naming it after Tirunelveli. One is because, it was and is the chief town of the district and the other is that it was already called as Tirunelveli Seemai under the Nayaks and Nawabs. Both Tirunelveli and Palayamkottai grew as the twin towns of the district.   

Geographical Data 

The Tirunelveli District is located in the world map,  between 08o 8’ and 09o 23’ latitude and 77o  09’ and 77o 54’ longitude. The total geographical area of the district is 6,823 sq. km.

Climatic Condition

Temperature 

In the day time the coastal regions  are cooler than the interior parts by about a degree  in summer and southwest monsoon seasons and warmer by one to two degrees during the rest of the year.   From about the middle of February, temperature increases steadily.   In May which is usually the hottest month  in the interior,  the mean daily maximum temperature is 37.1 degree Celsius.  The weather   is quite hot in May and June and the maximum temperature some times reaches 45 degree Celsius.     With the onset of the southwest monsoon by the end of May or beginning of June, there is some drop in temperature.  By about the middle of October, both day and night temperatures decrease appreciably.  The period from November to January is the coolest part of the year with the mean daily maximum temperature of about 30 to 31 degree Celsius in the interior parts.  The mean daily minimum in these months is about 22 to 23 degree Celsius in the district in general.

Humidity

The relative humidity in general, during the year, is between 55 and 65 percent in the interior parts of the district, except during the northeast monsoon season, when it is over 65 per cent.  The coastal parts are comparatively more humid.

Rainfall  

Main rainy season is from October to the middle of January. 
During these southwest monsoon season the rainfall is more in the western parts of the district. 
November is generally the rainiest month.
The heaviest rainfall in 24 hours recorded in the district was 371.5 mm at Sivagiri on 29/10/1929. 

The average rain fall in the district is 814.8 mm per annum.

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