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Tirap District

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About the Tirap district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website

Brief About Tirap District

Tirap District derives its name from the river Tirap which originates in the district and flows through Changlang District of Arunachal Pradesh. The entire area of Tirap District is covered with high hills and deep gorges. There is hardly a few plots of plain land in the villages lying close to the plains of Assam.

Topography of the area
Tirap District lies between the latitude 26º 38º N and 27º 47º N and the longitude 96º 16º E and 95º 40º E. The total area of the district is situated in a peculiar geographical setting bounded towards south of Myanmar. In the north there is the state of Assam and in the west, it is bounded by the state of Nagaland and on the east by Changlang District of Arunachal Pradesh

The climate is largely influence by the terrain marked high hills, deep ravines and valleys through which the streams and rivers flow. Generally, the elevation of land varies from about 200 metres in the north-west to about 4,000 metres over the mountains. The climate vary considerably from place to place due to the mountains nature of the terrain. The climate is cool and highly humid in lower elevations and in the valleys. The cold season prevailing from the later part of November to February is followed by frequent thunderstorms in the pre-monsoon season from March to May. The monsoon continues from June to about the middle of October.


The major portion of the people inhabiting the district is the tribal group which constitutes 80% of the total district population. The major tribes inhabiting in the district are the Nocte, Wancho and Tutsa.

Most of the people live in the villages. They are ever willing to share their problems and cooperative in nature. Most of them earn their livelihood through farming and allied activities such as govt. employment, govt. contract works, contract work in forest products, trade in local products, agricultural labour etc.

Chieftanship is an important feature of their society. Both the Noctes and the Wanchos have chiefs in their villages. Above the village chiefs there exist major chiefs who receive tribute from the subordinate villages. Although with the introduction of panchayati raj system the role of the chiefs have changed to great extent but they still ebjoy privileges in their community. The people do not have any particular place of worship or god. They believe in nature worship. The Noctes, however, came under the influence of hinduism many years ago. Recently christianity spread into some areas of the district and more and more people are converting to christians.

Although, the district is the second smallest in area among the districts of Arunachal Pradesh, it has the highest density of population (42 persons per sq. km.); the corresponding figure of Arunachal Pradesh is 10 persons per sq. km.

Population — 1,00,227
Male – 52,461
Female – 47,766
Density of population : 42/Sq.Km.
Literacy Rate – 42.01%
No. of Sub-Divisions — 2
No. of Blocks — 6
No. of Circles — 8
No. of Villages — 161
No. of Assembly Constituencies-7

Assamese, Hindi, Nocte, Wancho and English.

How To Reach Tirap District
By Train : There is no direct train service to Tirap. The nearest railway station is at Dibrugarh/Tinsukia/ Naharkatia (Assam). From these places, daily bus/taxi service is available to the district headquarter, KHONSA.

By Bus
From Guwahati daily via Jorhat, Dibrugarh and Tinsukia, Private night super buses are available. Then from Tinsukia/Dibugarh Arunachal Pradesh State Transport Corporation (APSTC) and many other private bus/Taxi available.