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Sonipat District

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About the Sonipat district
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Brief About Sonipat District

District Sonepat comprises of three sub-divisions namely Ganaur, Sonepat and Gohana and seven blocks (Ganaur,Sonepat ,Rai, Kharkhoda, Gohana, Kathura and Mundlana) has been carved out of Rohtak and made a full fledged District on 22.12.1972.

District Sonepat has an area of 2,13,080 Hectare. It lies in the south-east of the State of Haryana , North of the Union Territory of the Delhi and is bounded by the Districts of Rohtak, Jind, Panipat. The District shares an inter-state boundry with district Meerut of Uttar Pradesh. The River Yamuna runs along the eastern boundary of the district and separates it from Uttar Pradesh.

Sonepat occupies an area of 2,13,080 Hectares. Sonepat is the largest Tehsil in the District followed by Gohana.

The climate of District Sonepat is dry with an extremely hot summer and a cold winter. The weather becomes comparatively mild during the monsoon (period July to September). The post-monsoon months October and November constitute a transition period, prior to the onset of winter.


The cold season starts towards the later half of November when day and night temperatures fall rapidly. January is the coldest month when the mean daily minimum temperature is 6 to 7 Degree Centigrade in the winter months. During ncold waves, the minimum temperature may go down to the freezing point of water, and frosts can occur. During the summer months of May and June, the maximum temperature sometimes reaches 47 Degree Centigrade. Temperature drops considerably with the advancement of monsoon in June. However, the night temperature during this period continues to be high.


Humidity is considerably low during the greater part of the year. The district experiences high humidity only during the monsoon period. The period of minimum humidity (less than 20%) is between April and May.


The annual rainfall varies considerably from year to year. However, the maximum rainfall is experienced during the monsoon season, which reaches it's peak in the month of July. Infact, the monsoon period accounts for 75% of the annual rainfall in the district. On an average there are 24 days in a year with rainfall of 2.5 mm (or more) per day in district Sonepat.


During the monsoon,the sky is heavily clouded, and winds are strong in this period. Winds are generally light during the post-monsoon and winter months.


Sonepat experiences a high incidence of thunder storms and dust storms, often accompanied by violent squalls (andhis) during the period April to June. Sometimes the thunder storm are being accompanied by eavy rain and occasionally by hail storms. In the winter months, fogs sometimes appear in the district.


According the 1991 census the total population of the district is 10,45,158 Of this the urban population forms a small part and is 2,10,521. The district is primarily rural is in nature and the primary activity of the people is agricultural. The rural population of the district is 8,34,637. The male and female ratio in the rural areas is bout 1:1 whereas the ratio in the urban areas is detrimental to the female population. The working population of district Sonepat according to 1991 census comprises of 11,50,49 cultivators, 58,296 agricultural labourers. The percentage of cultivators, to manufacturers is higher in sub-division Ganaur, whereas the actual number of agricultural labourers is higher in sub division Sonepat.

Soil Profile

District Sonepat, comprising of Sonepat, Gohana and Ganaur sub divisions, has 343 villages and covers an area of 2,13,080 hectares. The irrigated area (both with the help of canal irriagtion as well as through tubewells) is 2,86,504 acres and the un-irrigated rainfed area is 43,979 acres. Sonepat is an important saltpetre producing the district. The saltpetre appears as efflorescence on the surface during the summer season, specially in the village of Sonepat sub-division.

  • Total No. of Villages 347 
    • Inhabited         332
    • Uninhabited        15
  • Total Population  1045158 
    • Male         5,67,901