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Sitamarhi District

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About the Sitamarhi district
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Brief About Sitamarhi District
This is the place where Sita was born, the main character of the epic Ramayana. The town is situated along the border of Nepal.The district of Sitamarhi was carved out of Muzaffarpur district on 11th December 1972. It is situated in the northern part of Bihar. Its headquarter is located at Dumra, five kilometers south of Sitamarhi.

Sitamarhi is a sacred place in Hindu mythology. Its history goes back to Treta Yug. Sita, the wife of Lord Rama sprang to life out of an earthern pot, when Raja Janak was ploughing the field somewhere near Sitamarhi to impress upon Lord Indra for rain. It is said that Raja Janak excavated a tank at the place where Sita emerged and after her marriage set up the stone figures of Rama, Sita and Lakshman to mark the site. This tank is known as Janaki-kund and is south of the Janaki Mandir.

In course of time, the land lapsed into a jungle until about 500 years ago, when a Hindu ascetic, named Birbal Das came to know the site by divine inspiration. He came down from Ayodhya and cleared the jungle. He found the images set up by Raja Janak, built a temple over there and commenced the worship of Janaki or Sita. The Janaki Mandir is apparently modern and is about 100 years old only. The town however contains no relics of archaeological interest.

It has witnessed communal violence lead by local politicians in the past but on the whole both the leading communities here a good rapport. This district is often bereaved by natural calamities. One of the most devastating is excess flooding due to mis-management of the banks by both civilians and government officials.

Head Quarters: Sitamarhi Area: Population: Total: 2013796 Rural: 1894203 Urban: 119593 Sub Divisions: Sitamarhi Sadar,Pupri Blocks:Bairgania, Bajpatti, Bathnaha,Belsand, Parihar, Nanpur, Riga, Sursand, Pupri, Sonbarsa, Dumra, Runni Saidpur, Majorganj, Suppi, Parsauni, Bokhra, Chorout Villages: Ratwara, Bela, Madhopur, Amanpur, Rudauli, Boha, Rasalpur, Paktola Agriculture: Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Lentils Industry: Sugar Factory, Rice and Oil Mills. Rivers: Bagmati, Lakhandei Sports: Heman Trophy (cricket) is organised every year at the Goinka College Grounds, which adds some zeal to the life of the youths. Cricket is played in every nook and corner of the district. Festivals: Durga puja, Vishwakarma puja, Sarswati puja and other festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm.