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Official Website : http://sheikhpura.bih.nic.in

Headquarters : Sheikhpura
State : Bihar

Area in Sq Km (Census 2011)
Total : 689
Rural : 645.5
Urban : 43.5

Population (Census 2011)
Population : 636342
Rural : 527340
Urban : 109002
Male : 329743
Female : 306599
Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males) : 930
Density (Total, Persons per sq km) : 924

Helplines :
District Control Number : +91-06341-223333,
Bihar Police Helpline Toll Free No : 18603456999,
District Hospital : 06341-225031,223384,
Vigilance Beuro Patna Mobile Numbers : 9431806311, 9431653952, 9431682750.
Cbi Patna : 0612-2235599.
Cbi Sms Complain – Send Audio Or Video Of Corrupt Persons To : 51964,
Anti – Fire Service : 06341-225195, 7485805978, 7485805979, Ghatkusumbha – 9431822686, Ariyari – 9431822683, Barbigha – 9431822684vigilance Team – 9431806311, 0612-2506253
Sheikhpura Municipal Council Toll Free Number : 1800 121 4554,
Patna Medical College Hospital : 0612-2670132,
Nalanda Medical College Hospital : 0612-2631159,
Gardanibagh Dispensary : 0612-2242309,
Rajendra Nagar Dispensary : 0612-2670044,
Indian Red Cross Society : 0612-2234869i
Ndira Gandhi Institute Of Medical Sciences , Shekhpura : 0612- 2297225 / 2292329
Kurji Holi Family Hospital : 0612-2262540 / 2262516 / 2264117
Indra Gandhi Institute Of Cardiology : 0612-2309107 / 2309160
Mahavir Cancer Institute : 0612-2250127 / 2253956 / 2253957
Jigyasa (For General Information) : 0612-2233333
Krishi (Healthcare) : 0612-2200814
Krishi (Farmer Call Centre) : 1551/ 18001801551
Bihar Krishak Aayog : 0612-6452289/ 2232062
Chief Minister Public Grievance Office : 0612-2205800
Disaster Management : 0612-2217305
Energy Department (Patna) : 0612-2285032
Consumer Protection : 0612-2210902
Mahadalit Commission Patna : 0612-2521111
Mnrega : 18003452245
Nafd Bihar : 0612-2580103
Municipal Coperation Bihar : 0612-2911134-35 / 3261372-73
Right To Information : 155311/ 18003456777
Rural Development : 0612-2210000
Women Helpline Centre : 18003456247/ 0612-2320047/2214318
Scheduled Caste And Scheduled Tribe Welfare : 18003456345

Population (Census 2010) : The current world population is 7.6 billion (As of 1st July 2018)

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/540/download?token=tCvg_sUK

Brief About Sheikhpura District
Population : 393283
Rural : 328706
Urban : 64577

Historical Background
Though there is no authentic history of Sheikhpura scripted in any book or records but according to knowledge collected from various sources history of Sheikhpura dates back to the age of Mahabharata. It is believed that in the Mahabharata age a demon girl Hidimba lived on the hillocks situated on its Eastern stretch with whom one Pandava brother Bhima married and gave birth to a heroic son ‘Ghatotkach’. Later on this hill was called ‘Girihinda’ after the name of Hindimba or Hidimba. Girihinda village is still situated over there.

According to one belief about six hundred years ago a great suphie saint ‘Hazarat Makhdum Shah Shoeb Rahamatullah Aleh’ had founded the city of Sheikhpura. He settled over here and the dense forests were cleaned and people started settling over here. Later on it became densely populated.

During the Pallava reign also Sheikhpura was one of the chief administrative centres. It is believed that the famous Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri had got the famous ‘Dal Kuan’ constructed over here. Till now ‘Dal Kuan’ and Sheikhpura is believed to be synonymous with each other.

During the mughal period, Sheikhpura got the status of Thana. In the British period Sheikhpura was accorded the status of Big Kotwali and after independence it was given the status of Block. On 14th April 1983 Sheikhpura became a Subdivision and on 31st July 1994 it was upgraded to District status.

Geographical Profile

Location :
Sheikhpura is a new district carved out of Munger district on 31-07-1994. District Head Quarter Sheikhpura is situated at North side of Gaya-Kuel Rail line. This district lies in the southern part of Bihar that is bounded by Nalanda & Patna district in North, Nawada & Jamui district in South, Lakhisarai district in East and Nalanda & Nawada district in West. The district spanning in 77705 hectares is situated between North latitudes 24º45’ and 25º and East longitude 85º45’ and 86º45’.

Topography :
Topographically district has two types of region – the rocky highland formed by hilly portion in centre, surrounded by fertile land in North, South, East and West. The land is sloping towards North Eastern side. Because of the low lying area in some parts of the North Eastern side, the water gets accumulated during rainy season leading to water-logged conditions. This area is geographically known as Tal area.

Climate:
The district has hot summers & moderate winters. Summers start from middle of March and lasts till July. The monsoon usually breaks in the second half of June and lasts till September.
Annual Rainfall Stastistics :
District - 1207mm
Block :
Ariari - 943mm
Barbigha - 1052mm
Sheikhpura - 930mm


Soil:
The district has rich alluvial soil composed of sand, silt and clay in most parts of district. The soil is most fertile and suitable for agriculture. The alkaline and saline deposits are rarely found.

Rivers:
There are no big rivers of perennial nature worth to be mentioned in this district. Of course there are some small rivers which flow during rainy season viz Somi, Korihari, Tati, Kachchi & Rijown.