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Samba District

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About the Samba district
Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/424/download?token=XWSIVi8W

Brief About Samba District
Samba district of Jammu & Kashmir has a a longitude of 75.1167 and latitude of 32.5667. better known as one of the bustling tehsils of Jammu, Samba has a very old origin. Apart from its own natural pleasure, Samba provides scope for sightseeing in nearby places too that include Raiyan, Gura Salathian, Kuta, Babnergarh and Barigarh.

Samba is an agriculture-based place of Jammu & Kashmir. Most of the inhabitants of Samba earn their livelihood from farming. Since Samba has an agro-climatic condition, hence the crops have a high yield. Animal husbandry is also practiced by some of the people of Samba.

Tourists from all states of India and abroad to come to visit Samba in different intervals of time. Reaching Samba is very easy. Having an in-built infrastructure, Samba district is connected to important cities of Jammu & Kashmir. The nearest air terminals to Samba are at Jammu and Udhampur districts.

The culture of Samba speaks of the ancient heritage and lifestyle of the inhabitants of that place. Having its own inherent folk dances and songs, Samba represents a rich tradition of local arts within its geographical premises. The shrines of Samba ratifies the influence of varied religions in the place. During major festivals, people belonging to diverse faiths celebrate the occasions with equal mirth and unity. This unity in diversity is surely one of the key traits of Samba district.

In the map of Jammu & Kashmir districts, Samba stands tall as one of the economically viable and aesthetically credible places of the state.

 

Administration
Samba district consists of 4 blocks: Samba, Vijaypur, Purmandal and Gagwal. Each block consists of a number of panchayats.

Politics
Samba District has 2 assembly constituencies: Samba (S.C.) and Vijaypur.

 

It is said that Samba was a principality established somewhere in 1400A.D. As per folklore Malh Dev, the younger son of Rai Saidu of Lakhanpur was thefounder of Samba principality, who married into the family of Ghotar a local tribesman.After his marriage he stayed at Samba and made himself the master of the tract withSamba as its capital. Samba ultimately came under the supremacy of Jammu, during theperiod of Hari Dev, in 1816 A.D. and in 1846 A.D. it became an integral part of the J&KState.

At present Tehsil Samba is a constituent of District Jammu, the largestDistrict of the J&K State in terms of population, with an area of 82,452 hectares andpopulation of 2,45,016 as per 2001 census. It is a seat of Sub-Divisional Magistrate withheadquarter at Samba.

Samba town is situated on a hill on the National Highway 1–A on the bankof river Basantar at a distance of forty kms from Jammu. Tehsil Samba is bounded byDistrict Udhampur in the North, District Kathua in the East, Tehsils Jammu and Bishnahof District Jammu in the West, while on the southern side it has International Border withPakistan. Most of the area of Tehsil Samba is Kandi area although some parts of theTehsil are forging ahead in agriculture production with the strengthening of Ravi TawiIrrigation Project.

A modern industrial complex is coming up on the bank of river Basantarat Samba. A number of small and medium scale industrial units have only recently beenestablished there in the complex. A good number of unemployed youth, skilled andunskilled local labourers are employed in these units. The economy of Samba isdeveloping rapidly because of industrial growth due to establishment of these enterprises.

A Govt. Handloom Development Project established by SICOP at Sambais providing employment opportunities to a large number of traditional weavers who areresiding in and around Samba town and earn wages by way of weaving cloth for theproject. Samba is also famous for traditional Calico Printing, where local made dyes areused for printing locally weaved cotton fabric.

Samba At a Glance
INTRODUCTION
It is said that Samba was principality established somewhere in 1400 A.D. As per folklore Malh Dev, the younger son of Rai Saidu of Lakhanpur was the founder of Samba principality, who married into the family of Ghotar a local tribesman. After his marriage he stayed at Samba and made himself the master of the tract with Samba as its capital. Samba ultimately came under the supremacy of Jammu, during the period of Hari Dev, in 1816 A.D. and in 1846 A.D. it became an integral part of the J&K State. Vide Government order no.1345-GAD of 2006 dated 27.10.2006, among other districts, district Samba came into operation. It comprises 382 villages as per the notification issued by the Govt. under SRO No.185 dated 22nd of May 2007. These villages have been organized into 55 Patwar Halquas, and 99 Panchayats. Out of 382 villages, 62 villages have been detached from Tehsil Hiranagar of district Kathua and one village from Tehsil Majalta of District Udhampur. Besides, four urban towns viz. Samba, Vijaypur, Ramgarh and Bari Brahmna are also the part of this district.

LOCATION, CLIMATE & GEOGRAPHY
Samba town is situated on range of Shivalik hills alongside the National Highway 1-A / on the bank of river Basantar at a distance of forty kms from Jammu city. Tehsil Samba is bounded by District Udhampur in the North, District Kathua in the East, Tehsils Jammu and Bishnah of District Jammu in the west, while on the southern side it has International Border with Pakistan. About two third of the area of Tehsil Samba is Kandi & rain fed. The area on southern side downside the national highway is irrigated through Ravi Tawi Irrigation canal network and contributing towards major cereals crop and vegetable cultivation as special focus has been assigned by the govt. of India, Ministry of Water Resources through Command Area Development Department.

A modern industrial complex is established on the bank of river Basantar at Samba named as Industrial Growth Center. A number of small & medium industrial units have been established and have provided job opportunities not only to the educated unemployed youths, but also to the labourers, skilled and un-skilled by starting their own ventures in the private sector.

To protect the traditional art of the area, the Government has established a Handloom Development Project at Samba and is providing employment opportunities to a large number of traditional weavers of Samba town and they are earning their livelihood by way of weaving of clothes for the project. Samba is also famous in traditional Calico Printing, where local made dyes are used for printing locally weaved cotton fabric

CLIMATE
The climate of the district being sub tropical zone is hot and dry in summer and cold in winter. Being in the foot hills of the mountains nights are bit cooler than that of neighbouring areas of Punjab. The temperature ranges between 6 degree Celsius and 47 degree Celsius.

POPULATION
As per 2001 Census, the total population is 2.86 lakh, which includes 1.51 lac male population and 1.35lac female population in the district. This works out to be 2.75% of the total population of the state. The urban population is of 0.61 lac and the rural population figures at 2.25 lac souls and comes to 78.67% of the population of the district. The density of the population is 317 per sq km. The schedule castes represent 31% of the population while schedule tribes i. e. Gujjar and Bakerwals represent 4% only of the total population of the District. The main stay of the population of the districts is agriculture and service in defence

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