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Ri Bhoi District

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About the Ri Bhoi district

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Brief About Ri Bhoi District
Background :
Ri Bhoi District is one of the Seven Districts of Meghalaya,  carved out from the erstwhile East Khasi Hills District on 4th June 1992. It is bounded in the North by the Kamrup District of Assam, East by the Karbi Anglong District of Assam, South by the East Khasi Hills and West by the West Khasi Hills District. Ri Bhoi District covers an area of 2448 Sq. Km with a population of 1,92,795 as per 2001 census .The Headquarter of the District is at Nongpoh located at 53 km away from the state capital Shillong and 50 km from Guwahati.

Area and Location : Ri Bhoi District has an area of 2448 Sq. Kms. It lies between 91' 40'16" Latitude and 25'40' to 26'20'N Longitude. This District is characterized by rugged and irregular land surface. It includes a series of hill ranges which gradually sloped towards the North and finally joins the Brahmaputra Valley. The important rivers flowing through this region includes the Umtrew, Umsiang, Umran and Umiam rivers. The region is still poor in transport and communication facilities. The National Highway No.37 origination from Jorabad to Shillong passes through the District.

Topography : Ri Bhoi District essentially consists of hilly areas. In the centre lies the Central uplands known as Lum Raitong and in the South- East lies U Lum Sohpetbneng. The uplands from a natural watershed causing rivers to flow to the plain of Assam. A dam is constructed against the river Umtrew at a place about 60 Kms from the headquarters called Umtrew Hydel Project and another dam is constructed at the river Umiam at Damsite called Umiam Hydel Project. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) at Mawpun village and the State of Rural Development of Meghalaya (SIRD) is situated in the South - East of the District.

Forest Resources : Forests cover a large part of the geographical area of Ri Bhoi District. However, there is a constant danger of denudation and deforestation due to the large felling of trees for timber, firewood and Jhum cultivation.

Soil : Soil in Ri Bhoi District may broadly classified into hill and plain soils. It can be found out patches of black loamy soil and lime silt constitute the major portion. This soil is much suitable for growing both local and improved varieties of crops. The soil in the adjoining Assam also consists of heavy loams while the soil in other areas are interspersed with stones and chips.


Ri Bhoi District was upgraded from Sub Divisional level to a full fledged District on 4th June, 1992. The new District, was carved out from the erstwhile East Khasi Hills. The District lies between 90°55’15 to 91°16’ latitude and 25°40’ to 25°21’ longitude. It is bounded on the north by Kamrup District and on the East by Jaintia Hills and Karbi Anglong District of Assam and on the West by West Khasi Hills District. The District has an area of 2448 sq.kms with a population of 1,92,795 (2001 Census). Its head quarter is at Nongpoh, which is about 53 Kms from the State Capital, Shillong. There are 3 (three) C & RD Blocks & 1 (one) administrative unit at Patharkhmah, and the number of villages is 561. The Density of population per square kilometer is 79. Literacy rate is 51 % in the year.


Ri Bhoi District forms the northern low portion of East Khasi Hills and the National Highway no. 44 passes through the heart of the District and serves as the lifeline for the State Capital and Other Districts of the State. All the three Development Block headquarters that is Umling, Umsning and Jirang are connected with Nongpoh the District Headquarter by Metallic roads. There are two colleges, 24 High Schools, 75 Upper Primary schools and 403 Primary Schools. The JNV in this District is located at Niangbari, which is about 12 Kms from Nongpoh. At present there are 2 (two) CHC, 8 PHC, 25 Sub centers and 2 State Dispensaries in Ri Bhoi District. There is a Leprosy Centre at Umden Nongtluh and one at Nongpoh run by the Missionaries of Charity. There are 3 (three) police station in the District viz. Umiam, Nongpoh and Khanapara and 9 (nine) police outposts.

One Circuit House is located at Nongpoh and many inspection bungalows and Rest Houses belonging to PWD and MeSEB are located at various important village like Umiam, Zero point, Sumer, Byrnihat, Patharkhmah, Umsiang. The District Head quarter is connected by telephone and STDs facilities. There are 11 Commercial Bank Branches, 2 (two) Regional Rural Bank and 3 Co-operative Bank branches in the District.


The Climate of Ri Bhoi District experiences different types of climate ranging from tropical climate in the areas bordering Assam to the temperate climate adjoining the East Khasi Hills District. The areas bordering Assam experience hot - humid weather during summer seasons with an average temperature of 30 deg Centigrade, especially during the month of May to July of the year. In other areas like Lum Raitong and Lum Sohpetbneng Plateaus, the climate is severely cold during the winter months and is pleasant during the summer period.