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Reasi District

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About the Reasi district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/423/download?token=ntTXBXgv

Brief About Reasi District
Reasi is one of the oldest towns of the J&K State. It was the seat of the erstwhile Bhimgarh State, said to have been established by Raja Bhim Dev somewhere in 8th century. It remained an independent principality till 1822, when Maharaja Gulab Singh the then King of Jammu consolidated small states. Up-till 1948 Reasi was a District of Jammu Province, but in the first administrative reorganization of the State undertaken in 1948 major part of the then district Reasi was merged with district Udhampur, while someareas became part of District Poonch (now Rajouri).

Bhimgarh Fort
An historical fort named as Bhimgarh Fort, but generally also known as‘Reasi Fort’ is located in the town of Reasi on a hillock approximately 150 meters high. As per local lore initially the fort was made of clay which later on was reconstructed withstone masonry and was generally used by the royal family for taking shelter during emergencies. Presently the fort is in the charge of the Department of Archeology, J&K Government since 1989. Today the fort stands out as one of the important land marks in the town.

How to reach
Being far away from Jammu–Udhampur–Srinagar Highway 1-A and somewhat inaccessible due to the hilly area, economic progress in the mostly hilly region of Reasi has been rather slow. With the commissioning of Salal Hydroelectric Project at Dhyangarh near Reasi, the economic activity of the area has picked up considerably. Construction work of this project was started in 1970 by the National Hydro-Electric Power Corporation (NHPC) and the project was commissioned in 1987 when the first stage of 345 Megawatt power station was completed and balance/second stage of the project with 345 MW was commissioned in 1995 making the total generation to 690 MW. Power from this project flows to the Northern Grid from where it is distributed to the states of J&K, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Chandigarh.

The Jammu–Srinagar–Baramulla Railway line which is under construction will pass through Reasi. The Railway line up to Katra is likely to be commissioned during 2007. From Katra the Railway line will traverse to Reasi-Banihal area with stations at Reasi, Salal A–Salal B, Surukot, Barala, Sangaldan, Kohli and Laole. The 1315 meters long railway bridge will be constructed over river Chenab near Salal with a height of 383.10 meters from the river surface and shall be the highest bridge in the world. This railway line will bring Reasi on the rail map of the country and accelerate developmentand prosperity in the area.

Struggle to get district status
The people of this hilly area have been demanding for restoration of the District status for Reasi, and even in the Wazir Commission report among other recommendations, it was proposed to upgrade the Sub-Division to District level but it was not implemented till now. Rishi Kumar Koushal, a prominent leader of eartwhil Jan Sangh and now Praja Parishad lead agination to restore the district status in vain in late nineties.

Administration
Reasi district has two tehsils viz., Reasi and Gool-Gulabgarh comprising 239 and 60 villages respectively. This district consists of 4 blocks: Arnas, Mahore, Reasi and Pouni.[1] Each block consists of a number of panchayats.

Politics
Reasi District has 3 assembly constituencies: Reasi, Gulabgarh and Gool Arnas.

Places of Interest
Bhimgarh Fort
Shivkhori
Vaishnodevi
Kalika Temple
Baba Dhansar
Dhyangarh
Baba Bidda

History
Reasi is one of the oldest towns of the State. It was the seat of theerstwhile Bhimgarh State, said to have been established by Bhim Dev somewhere in 8thcentury. It remained an independent principality till 1822, when Gulab Singh the thenKing of Jammu consolidated small states. Up-till 1948 Reasi was a District of JammuProvince, but in the first administrative reorganization of the State undertaken in 1948major part of the then District Reasi was merged with District Udhampur, while someareas became part of District Poonch (now Rajouri).
At present Reasi is a Sub-Division of District Udhampur and is located ata distance of 64 Kms from Jammu. The Sub-Division comprises only one Tehsil i.e.Reasi which is bounded by Tehsil Gool-Gulabgarh in the north, Tehsil Sunderbani andKalakote of District Rajouri in the west, Tehsil Udhampur in the east, Tehsils Jammu andAkhnoor of District Jammu on the south. The Sub-Division has a population of 1, 20,380as per 2001 census. Climatically a major part of this Sub-Division falls in sub-tropicalzone and the rest in temperate zone .Summers are generally warm and winters cold withsnowfall on the high ridges.
An historical fort named as ‘Bhimgarh Fort’, but generally also known as‘Reasi Fort’ is located in the town of Reasi on a hillock approximately 150 meters high.As per local lore initially the fort was made of clay which later on was reconstructed withstone masonary and was generally used by the royal family for taking shelter duringemergencies. Presently the fort is in the charge of the Department of Archeology J&KGovernment since 1989. Today the fort stands out as one of the important land marks inthe town.

Being far away from Jammu–Udhampur–Srinagar Highway 1-A andsomewhat inaccessible due to the hilly area, economic progress in the mostly hilly region of Reasi has been rather slow. With the commissioning of Salal Hydro-Electric project atDhyangarh near Reasi town, the economic activity of the area has picked upconsiderably. Construction work of this project was started in 1970 by the NationalHydro-Electric Power Corporation and the project was commissioned in 1987 when thefirst stage of 345MW power station was completed and balance/second stage of theproject with 345MW was commissioned in 1995 making the total generation to 690 MW.Power from this project flows to the Northern Grid from where it is distributed to thestates of J&K, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh andChandigarh.

The Jammu–Srinagar–Baramulla Railway line which is under constructionwill pass through Reasi. The Railway line upto Katra is likely to be commissioned during2007. From Katra the Railway line will traverse to Reasi-Banihal area with stations atReasi, Salal A–Salal B, Surukot, Barala, Sangaldan, Kohli and Laole. The 1315 meterslong Railway Bridge will be constructed over river Chenab near Salal with a height of383.10 meters from the river surface and shall be the highest bridge in the world. Thisrailway line will bring Reasi on the rail map of the country and accelerate developmentand prosperity in the area.
The people of this hilly area have been clamouring for restoration of theDistrict status for Reasi, and even in the Wazir Commission report among otherrecommendations, it was proposed to upgrade the Sub-Division to District level.

While creating certain new administrative units in the State, vide theCabinet decision referblack to in Chapter I, Reasi has been upgraded to the status of aDistrict and the Committee has been asked to demarcate its geographical boundaries.

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