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Pathanamthitta District

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About the Pathanamthitta district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/350/download?token=rIfDMUI-

Brief About Pathanamthitta District
It is presumed that the regions presently under the district were formerly under the Pandalam reign which had connections with the Pandya Kingdom. Pathanamthitta now includes portions of the erstwhile Kollam Alappuzha and Idukki districts. Pathanamthitta, Adoor, Ranni, Konni and Kozhencherry are some of the important places taken from Kollam district, whereas Thiruvalla and Mallappally are the major places taken from Alappuzha district.

National Movement

The district can be proud of its rich contribution to the struggle for freedom.When Mahatma Gandhi visited the erstwhile Travancore in 1937, he asked his follower Khadar Das T.P. Gopala Pillai to spread the message of Khadi and Charka. Inspired by Gandhiji he founded the 'Mahatma Khadi Ashram' at Elanthoor 1941. He launched a scheme for mobilizing funds for khadi activities known as 'ek paise fund' in order to ensure the participation of the whole people in the khadi movement.

There was strong protestin Travancore against the British in connection with the visit of the Prince of Wales in 1921.In 1922, a student'sstrikewas held which instilled a lot of spirit and enthusiasm among the freedom fighters. During the same period, Congress leaders like Ponnara Sreedhar and K. Kumar, the participants from Kerala in the flag satyagraha at Nagapur were arrested and beatenup by thepolice.The contributionof ElanthoorK.Kumar,Thadiyal Raghavan Pillai, Pandalam KP and N.G. Chacko to the National Movement have much significance in the history of freedom struggle.

Topography and climate

The district consists of three natural divisions, viz, the lowland, the midland and the highland. The highland stretches through the western ghats and descends to the midland in the centre, down to the lowland and coconut gardens on the western borders of Alappuzha district. The topo- graphy of the district is highly undulating. It starts from the tall hill slopes covered with thick forests on the east along the mountains down to the valleys and small hills of the land of coconut trees in the west.

Forest

Forest covers an area of 1390.73 sq.kms. in the district. This is more than 50 per cent of the total area of the district, while the optimum area fixed by experts is 33 per cent.The total cropped area in Pathanamthitta district is 1086.53 sq.kms. The forests in the district can broadly be classified as evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous. Timber is the most important forest produce . In fact, forest is the main source of raw materials for wood based industrial units. Teak, rosewood, jack tree, manjakadambu, anjili, pala etc. are some of the important varieties of timber available. Apart from providing raw materials for rayon, news print, plywood etc., these forests are sources for a number of useful minor products like bamboo, reeds, honey, medicinal plants and herbs.

Rivers

Three important rivers flow through the district. They are Pamba, Achankovil and Manimala rivers. The Pampa river is a confluence of Pambayar, Aruthayar, Kakkadayar, Kakkar and Kallar. It descends from Sabarimala, flows through various parts of Ranni taluk, enters Alappuzha district after joining with river Manimala and river Achankovil and empties itself into the vembanad lake. The river Achankovil is formed by the Rishimala, Pasukidamettu and Ramakkalteri and joints the Pamba at Veeyapuram in Alappuzha district.

One third of the electricity produced in the State comes from this district. The Sabarigiri Hydro-electric Project is situated at the Pamba basin. Kakkad Electricity project is also functions in this district.

The abundant water resources in the district is also utilized for irrigation purpose through the Kallada and Pamba Irrigation Projects.

Population

The district has a total population of 1231577 as per 2001 census provisional report. The female population is 643542 and male population is 588035. Out of the total population, the rural population comes to 1108004 and the urban 123573.

Taluk wise population

Taluk
Total
Male
Female
Urban
Rural
Thiruvalla
234439
111692
122747
56828
177611
Kozhencherry
348742
165402
183340
37802
340940
Mallappally
137014
65709
71305
-
137014
Ranni
207782
100654
107128
-
207782
Adoor
303600
13965
14978
28943
274657

The total literates is 1,054,837. Out of this the female literates is 546684 and male literates is 508153. Literates in rural area comes 948,138 and the urban 106,699.

India