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Palakkad District

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About the Palakkad district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/349/download?token=7lsKeppp

Brief About Palakkad District

Palakkad is one of the fourteen revenue districts of Kerala. Its geographical position, historical background, rural natural, educational status, tourist attractions and above all, the developmental activities that are carried out, are wide and varied.

This district, situated almost in the centre of State, has no coastal line. The district opens the State to the rest of the country through the Palakkad gap. This 32 to 40 kms. wide natural gap in the 960 kms. long Western Ghats is perhaps the most influential factor for the unique characteristics of the district such as climate, commercial as well as cultural exchanges between the State and the rest of the country. Palakkad witnessed invasions of historical importance that have left indelible impressions on the history of Kerala. Bharathappuzha, the longest river in Kerala, originates from the highlands and flows through the entire district.

The district is one of the main granaries of Kerala and its economy is primarily agricultural. Agriculture engages more than 65 per cent of the workers and 88.9 per cent of the district's population is rural in nature. The proximity and easy approach to Tamil Nadu have caused the admixture of Malayalam and Tamil culture, here.

The district is perhaps the foremost in fostering Carnatic music. Great musicians like Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavathar and Palakkad Mani Iyer, who have enriched Carnatic music by their contributions, hailed from this district.

Forests, numerous streams, several dams and the gardens in them have made this district a tourist paradise.

Palakkad is part of the erstwhile Malabar district of Madras Presidency. The district accounts for about 11.5 per cent of the total land area of Kerala, with the share of population is 8.22 per cent. The district has got two types of climates. Ottappalam, Alathur and Mannarkkad Taluks are having a climate similar to that of other districts of Kerala, whereas Palakkad and Chittur are having rather a dry climate similar to TamilNadu. However the average rainfall is good for cultivation. There are five taluks, 163 villages , four Municipal towns and ninety Panchayaths in the district. The district is divided into 13 community Development Blocks for the effective implementation of various development activities.

Palakkad is the land of Palmyrahs and Paddy fields. Along with Kuttanadu, Palakkad is major paddy growing area of the state. It is often called as the "gateway of Kerala". The Sahya Ranges bordering the region and the 32 to 40 km. long gap in the mountains exert a dominant influence on the climate of the region. This gap is known as 'Palakkad Gap'. In the past, this land was known as Palkkattussery. Etymologists trace the word Palakkad from Palanilam meaning the dry area. Palakkad has a long history dating back to the paleolithic period which was substantiated by a number of megalithic relics discovered from this region. It also housed the Capitals of two kingdoms such as Palakkad and Kollengode, which were in prominence till a century back.

Location

Palakkad district is situated in the South West Coast of India, bounded on the North by Malappuram in the East by Coimbatore of Tamilnadu, in the South by Thrissur and in the West by Thrissur and Malappuram districts. It lies between 10'21 and 11'14 North latitude and 76'02 and 76'54 East longitude. The total geographical area of the district is 4480 sq.k.m representing 11.53 per cent of the State's geographical area. The forest land per cent covers 136257 hectares.

Topographically the district can be divided into two regions.

Based on the physical features, the district is divided into two natural divisions - midland and highland. The midland region consists of valleys and plains. It leads up to the highland which consists of high mountain peaks, long spurs, extensive ravines, dense forests and tangled jungles. Midland is thick with coconut, arecanut, cashew, pepper, rubber and paddy cultivation.The soil is laterite in the hill and mid land regions. Ottappalam taluk lies completely in the midland and highland regions. The road and rail links between Kerala and Tamil Nadu pass through the Palakkad gap.

The Western Ghats has an average altitude of 5000 ft. except for two peaks of more than 6000 ft. The important peaks above an altitude of 4000 ft. are Anginda (7628 ft.), Karimala (6556 ft.), Nellikotta or Padagiri (5200 ft.) and Karimala Gopuram (4721 ft.)

Population

According to the 2001 census the population of the district is 2617072. The density of the population is 584 per Sq. km. Decadal growth rate for the period 1991-2001 is 9.86 per cent in comparison with the State figures of + 9.42 per cent. The sex ratio of the district is 1068 females for 1000 males. The District has achieved 84.31 per cent literacy in 2001 calculated on the basis of population above the age of 7 years.

Climate

The district has a humid climate with a very hot season extending from March to June in the Western Part of the district whereas it is less humid in the Eastern sector. The most important rainy season is during South West Monsoon which sets the second week of June and extends upto September. About 75 per cent of the annual rain is received during the south west monsoon period. During the period December to May, practically no rain is received. The temperature of the district ranges from 20'C to 45'C. The maximum temperature recorded at Palakkad was 43'C.

Soil

The soil of Palakkad district is mainly of four types, namely, peaty (kari), laterite, forest and black . Peaty soil is found only in Thrithala firka of Ottappalam taluk. Laterite is seen in the major portions of all taluks. Forest soil is confined to Mannarghat and Ottappalam taluks, the narrow strip of land along the western boundaries of Palakkad and Alathur taluks and along the southern boundary of Chittur taluk. Black soil is seen mostly in the eastern sector of Chittur taluk and a small portion of Palakkad taluk.

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