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Narmada District

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About the district

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Brief About Narmada District

NVDA
Narmada Valley Development Authority (NVDA), is an organization of Govt. of M.P. constituted for planning water resources development in Narmada basin and expeditious implementation of projects . NVDA was constituted vide notification No. 501-2-NVDA-XXVII-83 dtd 16-7-1985 was published in Madhya Pradesh Gazette dated 9 Aug' 1985.

The Narmada Valley Development Authority is a multidisciplinary organization of the State Government and its head office is at Bhopal. The NVDA shall have jurisdiction over the major water resources development projects in the Narmada Basin.

NARMADA BASIN

Narmada is the fifth largest river in India and largest west flowing river of Indian peninsula originating from Maikala ranges at Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh at an elevation of 900 m . It flows westwards over a length of 1,312 km before draining into the Gulf of Cambay, 50 km west of Bharuch city. The basin lies between east longitudes 72° 32 and 81° 45' and north latitudes 21° 20' and 23° 45'. Vindhya hills in the north, Satpura ranges in the south, Maikala ranges in the east and the Arabian sea in the west form the boundaries of the basin. The basin has an elongated shape almost like a thin ribbon with a maximum length of 953 km east to west and a maximum width of 234 km north to south. The first 1,077 km of the river flows in Madhya Pradesh and the next 35 km stretch of the river forms the boundary between the State of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Again for the next 39 km, it forms the boundary between Maharashtra and Gujarat. The last stretch of 161 km lies in Gujarat. Out of the total Catchment area of about 1 Lakh sq. km 87% lies in Madhya Pradesh, 2% in Maharashtra and 11% in Gujarat.

Narmada River is known as the "Life Line" of Madhya Pradesh. It originates in Amarkantak, District Shahdol and of its total length of 1312 up to Arabian Sea, it runs for about 1112 km in the State of Madhya Pradesh. 87% of Basin lies in Madhya Pradesh covering the Districts, Shahdol, Balaghat, Rajnandgaon, Mandla, Seoni, Dindori, Katni, Jabalpur, Damoh, Sagar, Narsinghpur, Chhindwara, Betul, Hoshangabad, Harda, Raisen, Sehore, Khandwa, Indore, Dewas , Khargone, Dhar, Jhabua, & Barwani.

The annual utilisable quantity of water of Narmada at Navagam, in Gujarat, was estimated to be 34.537 million cubic metre (MCM) 28 million acre feet, at 75% dependability by NWDT. On full development, the Narmada has a potential of irrigating over 6 million ha (15 million acres) of land along with a capacity to generate about 3,000 Mega Watt of hydro electric power.

VISION

The Narmada River in Madhya Pradesh has tremendus capacity to provide irrigation and to generate power. Besides Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan are other beneficiary states. Narmada Water Dispute Tribunal vide its award of December 1979 has fixed share of water of each state as under :-

1. Madhya Pradesh 18.25 MAF
2. Gujarat 9.00 MAF
3. Rajasthan 0.50 MAF
4. Maharashtra 0.25 MAF

The allocation is proposed to be reviewed in the year 2025 and it may be reallocated in case states failed to utilize there share of water. Keeping in view the above situation the state Government is determined to develop use of 18.25 MAF of water by the year 2025. In order to utilize 18.25 MAF of water allocated to Madhya Pradesh it is planned to construct 29 major, 135 medium and over 3000 minor irrigation projects.

As development of irrigation under major projects requires of period of 10 to 12 years, it is planned to complete the 29 major projects by the year 2012 and provide irrigation to 14 lacs Hectare using 11.36 MAF water. In addition Power Generation of 3291 MW will also be possible.

OBJECTIVES

The NVDA shall be responsible, in particular for the following functions:-

to prepare a detailed plan for exploitation of the water resources of the Narmada river and its tributaries and to undertake all necessary major engineering works for the harnessing of the river and its tributaries for the purpose of irrigation, power, navigation and other development;

to undertake ancillary engineering works for the distribution of water for irrigation, industrial, domestic and other purposes;

to undertake generation, sale of power in bulk to MPEB and all necessary engineering works ancillary thereto;

to acquire and manage land in the Narmada Valley for the purpose of carrying out engineering works, to provide for human resettlements and the needs for irrigation, flood control and navigation;

to shoulder responsibility of human resettlement and rehabilitation in respect of projects in the Narmada Valley, to establish towns and villages and to take all necessary measures to ensure planned settlement and rehabilitation;

to advise for the proper conservation and development of forests, wildlife and fisheries in the Narmada Valley;

to set up a designs organization for the projects entrusted to it;

to undertake operation and maintenance of the projects;

to undertake monitoring and evaluation.

Environment Protection

FLORA, FAUNA AND CARRYING CAPACITY ASPECT OF SSP

A large number of studies on this aspect had already been carried out and completed by all three party-States. After review of the studies by the committee of experts convened by NCA, the main emphasis was laid on conservation of endangered species, provision of migratory corridors and improving the carrying capacity of the surrounding areas. An action Plan on development of Shoolpaneshwar sanctuary was completed by GOG. Massive afforestation and soil conservation works were carried out under catchment area treatment programme and compensatory afforestation schemes of the State Govts.

Environment Protection

HEALTH ASPECTS OF SSP AND ISP

To review the preparedness of the Plans and to gear up their implementation, the 2nd meeting on health aspects was convened on 22nd May 1998 and a detailed geographical reconnaissance survey to identify the potential breeding areas of vector, was agreed. Director, Malaria Research Center (M.R.C.) agreed to provide needed technical inputs to the States on this aspect. Report produced by Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal on Epidemiological surveillance was reviewed and it was agreed to incorporate the reference baseline data in the study reports by the investigators. It was also agreed to include two impacted villages of M.P. in the National Disease Surveillance Programme of National Institute of Communicable Diseases. The phase-II programme of surveillance studies in Maharashtra by Topiwala National Medical College was approved.

Agriculture Sector

Irrigated agriculture in general, results in increased crop intensity and irrigation intensity in the command areas of various irrigation projects. Increased production and net income to the farmers enable them to go for high input technology available year after year. In case of Narmada Sagar and Omkareshwar Projects, the cropping intensity is expected to rise as under (155 to 193 %) respectively for the whole year.

Growth in irrigated area enables the peasants to harvest more. Conjunctive use of surface and ground water is proposed in the proportion of 80:20 to 60:40 to minimise the chances of water-logging in the command areas. Command Area Development Programme for above mentioned projects also envisages provision for on-farm development, agro-industries, regulated markets, warehousing facilities, irrigated forestry, roads etc.

There is no command area of Sardar Sarovar Project in Madhya Pradesh. Maheshwar being hydel power generation project, no irrigation benefits are proposed.

Environment Protection
FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT AND CONSERVATION

Large water bodies shall be created as a result of various dams being constructed on the river Narmada & its tributaries. After construction of the dams, the fishing pattern will change from lentic to lotic in the upstream areas. The reservoirs would, therefore, offer tremendous opportunities for fisheries development which would ultimately benefit the fishermen socially and economically in the respective areas. With proper stocking and better management, it is possible to achieve a production of 40-60 Kg. per ha. in a period of 20 years.

It is contemplated to adopt a two tier cooperative structure with primaries at the base level and Apex/ Federal body at the regional level for the exploitation of fish from the reservoirs. On full development, these projects would not only generate employment opportunities from fish production but employment would also be provided through different allied occupations viz hatchery management, seed production, fish marketing, net making, packing of fish, ice factories, boat operation and also in other ancillary industries like basket making, pattal making, transport of fish etc. Fishermen would be getting better remunerations which will ensure increase in their per capita income.

 Pattern of Fisheries Management in the Reservoirs of Narmada Valley :

The fisheries conservation and development activities including marketing of the fish catch will be looked after by M.P. Matsya Mahasangh (Sahkari) Maryadit the Apex body. The primary fishermen cooperative societies of the oustees will be given exclusive fishing rights of the reservoirs.

The pattern of management adopted in Bargi reservoir in 1994 through the Fisheries Production and Marketing Cooperative Federation Ltd. Jabalpur of Oustees of Bargi Project has been discontinued from September, 1999. The Matsya Mahasangh is looking after the conservation, development and marketing aspects and other welfare schemes while the Primary Societies of the oustess are involved in the fishing operations.

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