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Nagaon District

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About the Nagaon district

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Brief About Nagaon District

Nagaon, earler spelt of Nowgong was carved out as a separate district administrative unit in 1832. Located in Central Assam, the eastern, western and southern segments of the newly organised district were once ruled by different small-time feudal kings or their agents. An extensive and undulating plain intersected by big and small hills and rivers- the geography of the sements determined who their masters ought to be. The residual effects of the rule of the Bara Bhuyans were imaginatively utilised and reorganised by Momai Tamuli Barphukana, an intrepid officer of the Ahom king Pratap Singha in the first half of the seventeeth century. This area, until then, was more of strategic than administrative concern. Newly organised village system-hence called "Nagaon", 'Na' means new.

At the social level, a great majority of the people were the Vaishnavites. Sankardeva, the great saint of the Bhakti movement era was born at Bordowa, at a distance of fifteen kilometres from the district geadquarters town. His life and work had been social exemplifiers and anyone can feel the long shadow of his influence even in the remotest part of the district.

The thickly populated parts of the district were the chosen targets of violence and term during the Burmese rule. There was no leadership to organised resistance movement against the Burmese. The people heaved a sigh of relief when the British came down heavily on the Burmese and compelled them to withdraw from Assam. Following the treaty of Yandaboo in 1826, this central area of the province passed off silently into the hands of the British. It took a couple of years before the British finally settled on the present site on the bank of the Kollong river as the district headquarters. Earlier, they experimented from Puranigudam and Rangagora. The district headquarters was called Nagaon and gradually it emerged into a town. It become a municipality in 1893. Nagaon follows the pattern of any other district of the Lower Provinces east of the Ganga. It is basically a rural conglomerate of agricultural population.

Conscious of its strategic location, the administration of the district was always entrusted to officers of extraordinary merit. A local peasant uprising at Phulaguri in 1861 against governments taxation policy was enough of an indication that the peasantry was not altogether a stolid and docile lot. The peasantry was also an active participant in the various stages of the national struggle for freedom. The national leaders, M.K Gandhi, Rajendra Prasad and Pandit Nehru were impressed by their spirit and enthusiasm.

The entire credit of introduction of modern education in the district goes to the Christian Missionaries. Of them, the name of Miles Bronson, the American missionary, shines as brilliantly as ever. The apostle of the new age Anandaram Dhekia Phukan spent the best part of his life at Nagaon, His spiritual successor Gunabhiram Barua also worked in Nagaon for about two decades.

Geography of Nagaon District
(Old name Khagarijan)
New name Nagaon (Nowgong, New Settlement by Momai Tamuli Barbarua)

Boundary of the district
North is bounded by Sonitpur district & the Brahmaputra river, south is bounded by West Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills, East is bounded by East Karbi Anglong and Golaghat district.

Beels and lakes and marshy lands
There are several beels, marshy lands and swamps are there, these are in reality old abandone channels of Kalong and Kopili rivers of Nagaon district. These are Marikalong, Potakalong,/ Haribhanga, Jongalbalahu, Samoguri beel, Urigadang and Nawbhanga. These beels are major unused resources of the district. There are nearly more than two hundred numerous marshy land exist here which should be used for development of the area.

The district looks like a broken dish north is up land South is also up land west is slop other half dish is in Marigaon district, Geomorphologically Marigaon and Nagaon makes a perfect Geomorphological area. The general slope of the district is towards the west from any place. East, North East and South East is hilly terrain.

The climate of this district is in general Monsoon type of climate. But there are some difference from the other districts of Assam.It divides the province in to two halves climatically, from this district to western most district Dhubri rainfall is in increasing rate, again from here to east ward up to Tinsukia rainfall is also in increasing rate. Here the climate is in extreme type. The pattern of rainfall is such that, South is dry North is rainy area, rainfall from south to north is 1000 mm per year to 2000 mm per year. Lanka area is in semi desertic Zone. Cold season from December to February. Probability of flood from June to October. Only April to May is per Monsoon. October to November is only Post Monsoon. Average rainfall is 1750 mm (last 50 years data base). Deforestation, El-Nino effect, speedy urbanization and global warming in general changing the rainfall pattern of the district. Now 12% Vegetation cover is remained in the district which should be minimum 33%.

Rivers & slopes
Major river is Kalong which divided the town in to two halves Haibargaon and Nagaon. It is comparable with Poe river of Italy which divided the town in two divide lines, these divide lines are Levees of the river Kalong.
Haibargaon is slope down towards west and then south west to river Sonai, and Nagaon is slope down towards south east and then south to the beels and then to Kalong near Bebejia.